Crime data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on Tuesday has once again revealed a rise in number of rape cases against women in the national capital. The total number of rape cases in India for the year 2014 stood at 37,413.
The data, which is collated by the bureau based on First Information Reports (FIRs) filed in police stations across the country, shows Delhi registered a total of 1813 cases of rape in the year 2014 as compared to 1441 in 2013 and 585 in 2012.
Post the 2012 Delhi gangrape case and the consequent protests, the number of reported rapes shot up from 585 in 2012 to 1441 in 2013, a 146 per cent jump, much of which has been attributed to victims coming forward and reporting incidents refusing to be cowed down by the attached ‘stigma’ and victim shaming.
A far second to Delhi was Mumbai, which reported a total of 607 cases of rape in 2014, as compared to 391 in 2013. Bengaluru followed with a 104 cases of rape. Chennai and Kolkata saw a drop in reported cases of rape in 2014. Chennai reported 65 cases as compared to 83 in 2013, while Kolkata reported 36 cases of rape as compared to 75 in 2013.
Among states, Madhya Pradesh topped the list with a total number of 5,076 cases of rape in 2014, as compared to 4,335 cases in 2013 and 3,425 cases in 2012.
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Rajasthan stood second on the list with 3,759 cases of rape reported across the state. Uttar Pradesh, where Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav had only yesterday said it was not practical and impossible for four men to rape a woman, came a close third with 3,467 cases of rape.
Maharashtra and Delhi (UT) reported 3,438 and 2,096 cases respectively.
Data released by the government also showed a decrease in the number of cases wherein the victim was known to the accused, although it continues to be high at 86 per cent of the total reported rape cases in 2014.
A quick breakdown of the data shows that of the 3,2187 cases where there appeared to be some proximity between the victim and accused, 8,344 of these cases had the victim’s neighbour as the accused. Relatives, other than close family members, were the next with 2,217 cases registered. There were 1,640 cases wherein close family members including immediate members were accused of rape.
In the year 2013, the percentage stood at 94 per cent, whereas in 2012, 98 per cent of the reported rapes were cases wherein the accused was known to the victim.
While the data shows a massive increase when the data is compared to 2012, the government has attributed the increase to a new section in the IPC making it mandatory for police officials to register a FIR in cases of sexual assault.
Speaking in Rajya Sabha, MoS Home Affairs Kirien Rijiju had said that the government was ‘concerned’ about the increase in rape cases and were taking numerous steps to ensure the safety of women.
“We are not happy with showing larger number of cases being registered. But the question is: How is the issue to be tackled? I can assure .. that we are taking all the steps very, very seriously and following the implementation of all the directions also,” Rijiju had said during the Budget session of Parliament.