Cotton variety which needs only 100 days to mature developed

“Another advantage of shorter-duration cotton is that the fibre quality is better. The longer the duration, the weaker the fibre,” said Santosh.

Written by Vivek Deshpande | Nagpur | Published:March 15, 2017 4:38 am
cotton, cotton production, cotton variety, cotton type, Central Institute for Cotton Research, cotton growth, CICR, indian express news, india news To be available after 2 years

A SCIENTIST from the Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR) here has developed what is reported to be the shortest-duration cotton variety in the world. Requiring only 100-120 days for maturity, the new variety could emerge as the solution to the problems of dryland cotton farmers in regions like Vidarbha and Telangana.

“This is by far the most exciting development I have experienced in my career spanning over 25 years as a cotton scientist… When this variety becomes available to farmers after two years — after we complete field trials — India will have moved from the longest-duration cotton variety to the shortest-duration one,” said CICR Director Keshv Kranthi.

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Explaining the importance of the variety, he said: “One of the main reasons for repeated failure of dryland cotton crop is its long duration. In India, the period generally extends for 170-240 days, while it is about 150 days in countries like Australia and China. So, the duration here extends well beyond the monsoon months. These plants then go without water during the crucial time of flowering and fruiting, suffering weak uptake of nutrients due to lack of water.”

“Why this variety will be the one that we need for our dryland farmers is because it fits into the monsoon period, making water available for the critical time of flowering and fruiting phases,” he said, adding that “long duration crop also attracts more pests.”

Developed by Santosh H B from the crop improvement department of CICR, the variety has been tentatively named “Yugank”, after the son of Dharwad cotton scientist S S Patil, who provided the original material — Patil’s son died in a mishap last year. It will be available in both Bt and non-Bt forms.

“Another advantage of shorter-duration cotton is that the fibre quality is better. The longer the duration, the weaker the fibre,” said Santosh.

The variety has proved to be resistant to sucking and other pests and has a large boll size too. “One plant gives up to 20 bolls, which is way below the average hybrid yield of 60-70 bolls per plant. But if used in high-density plantation system, the number of these plants is at least six times higher. So the new variety will give higher yields within a short time period,” said Santosh.

“I have arrived at this variety through the process of selection of the best traits over the last four years,” he said.

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  1. K
    Apr 25, 2017 at 3:38 pm
    Excelent, farmers are vaiting for such research
    1. H
      Hinna Vandu
      Mar 15, 2017 at 12:31 am
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      1. n
        Mar 15, 2017 at 2:27 am
        Through this comment I warn (1) this PRESSUTE author Vivek Deshpande, (2) The anti national Indian Express (3) CICR Looter Keshav Kranti (4) Santosh H.B (5) Cotton fraud scientist S.S. Patil to refrain from their treacherous act of allowing the fraud MNCs like Monsanto and Bayer to our nation and push our farmers to suicide. I am filing a PIL shortly naming all of you as respondents. Better give up your anti national activities and serve your motherland with true patriotism
        1. S
          Mar 15, 2017 at 9:40 am
          CICR team, I congratulate you for the great accomplishment. Hope this be the next breakthrough in enriching the cotton;br/gt;lt;br/gt;For people who are posting the anti comments, we recommend you to consult science to know the significance of this variety for the cotton farmer whose crop experiences many drought cycles and leaves him further debt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Mere lack of knowledge makes you post so carelessly.
          1. S
            Mar 15, 2017 at 9:43 am
            I congratulate the CICR team for this great accomplishment. This would be the next big thing for the cotton farmers that could give some;br/gt;lt;br/gt;For the people posting anti comments, please consult science for your better understanding and knowing the significance of such varieties to the farmer whose cotton crop experiences multiple droughts and further leave him debt ridden.
            1. T
              Mar 15, 2017 at 2:04 am
              Beware. This seems to be another devious plant by corporates to loot the farmerslt;br/gt;-lt;br/gt;Farmers should be extremely wary of fraudulent MNC tricks to push their productslt;br/gt;-lt;br/gt;Devastation and decline of farming started with the introduction of CHEMICAL FARMINGlt;br/gt;-lt;br/gt;GMOs and Bt Cotton further pushed our farmers to penury leading to m suicideslt;br/gt;-lt;br/gt;There is no SHORTCUT to what nature gives us and such inventions are just to enrich the MNCs adopted by antinational scientists
              1. V
                Mar 15, 2017 at 1:31 am
                Congratulation to the great scientist and we should work on other crops too on similar lines .We should take at least 3 crops in a year and make them more productive too .
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