Sikkim standoff: China terms India’s ‘trespassing’ in Doklam as ‘betrayal’, cites treaty of 1890

Sikkim standoff: Beijing targets Arun Jaitley remarks, says China too different from 1962.

Written by Apurva | Beijing | Updated: July 4, 2017 12:18 pm
india china, india china border, china road, indo china tension, china doklam, China PLA, PLA, doklam china bhutan, Sikkim standoff: The standoff began mid-June when Indian troops halted the construction of a road in the strategic Doklam region, which China refers to as Donglang. Bhutan has also lodged protests over the construction.

Amid the continuing standoff, China on Monday said the “trespassing” of Indian troops in Doklam was a “betrayal” of a treaty signed in 1890, and India had used Bhutan as an “excuse” to violate the international border between the two countries. Beijing demanded the immediate withdrawal of Indian troops, and quoted letters between Indian and Chinese leaders in 1959 to underscore the boundary set between the two countries in the Sikkim region. “In order to cover up the illegal entry by Indian troops into the Chinese territory, Indian side wants to infringe upon Bhutan’s sovereignty and they try to confuse right from wrong. This is futile. We have no objection to normal bilateral relations between India and Bhutan but are firmly opposed to the Indian side infringing on Chinese territory using Bhutan as an excuse,” said Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) spokesperson Geng Shuang.

The standoff began mid-June when Indian troops halted the construction of a road in the strategic Doklam region, which China refers to as Donglang. Bhutan has also lodged protests over the construction. Also Read: No bulldozers used by China for destroying bunkers, says Indian Army

Geng also dismissed Finance Minister Arun Jaitley’s remarks that India was not the same as it was in 1962. “He was right. India in 2017 is indeed different from India in 1962, just as China in 2017 is different from that of China in 1962… China will take all necessary measures to safeguard its territorial sovereignty,” he said.

Jaitley was responding to a statement from the Chinese Ministry of Defence that India should learn from “historical lessons”, referring to the 1962 war. Also Read: China dismisses Arun Jaitley’s remarks over 1962 conflict

Two days after India disputed the 1890 treaty that China has consistently referred to since the standoff began, the MFA quoted letters between India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and China’s first Premier Zhou Enlai — one, dated March 22, 1959, in which Nehru said that “the border between India’s Protectorate Sikkim and China’s Tibet is determined by the 1890 Sino-British Treaty”, and another, dated September 26, in which Nehru made it clear that “the Treaty of 1890 establishedthe boundary between Sikkim and Tibet.”

“The action taken by India is undoubtedly a betrayal of the 1890 treaty and a betrayal of the consistent position held by successive Indian governments. We require India to respect the treaty and pull back the border troops immediately,” Geng said. “The India-China boundary in the Sikkim section is well demarcated.”

Asked if there was a possibility of a meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping during the G20 Summit in Hamburg in Germany this week, Geng said he has “no information at the moment” about the arrangements for bilateral meetings between Xi and leaders of other countries. He, however, said the line for diplomatic communication between India and China is “open and smooth”.

India’s National Security Adviser Ajit Doval, who is the Special Representative for the India-China border talks, is scheduled to visit Beijing on July 26 to attend the meeting of NSAs from BRICS — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. He is expected to discuss the issue with his Chinese counterpart Yang Jiechi.

Meanwhile, an article in the state-run Global Times read, “There could be a chance of war if the recent conflict between China and India is not handled properly, observers said, noting that China will resolutely defend its territory and safeguard the border.”

With inputs from PTI

For all the latest India News, download Indian Express App

  1. T
    Tsewang
    Jul 9, 2017 at 5:35 pm
    Had India taken a strong stance when China invaded Tibet, the present situation would never have occurred. China is now testing Bhutan. India should never let Chinese intrusion in Bhutan, this will expose whole North East regions to Chinese insidious plan. Long term solution is to revert Tibet back to the Tibetans.
    Reply
    1. D
      Dawa Bhutia
      Jul 6, 2017 at 7:19 pm
      India must not give in under chinese pressure. its their strategy for territorial extension. India, instead must resist with full force and dare to face any consequences. it is china's known imperialistic policy of extension and it will never leave India alone in future. china has questioned india's authority over arunachal ladhak and sikkim, now, India also should must consider to involve factional forces with in china in order to counter china. china may be a super power. India is second to none.
      Reply
      1. R
        Raman Govindan
        Jul 4, 2017 at 9:22 pm
        most of the people look only what is visible or being told. China indulges in border conflicts with India and wants to assert its present superior economy and strength of its armed forces to make India by threats to fall in line, join its border road initiative and be permanent a customer for its value added products and sell it the raw materials and lesser value added. it adopts the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere strategy of war time an! it needs our and other's imports to keep its present falling economy to reverse the trend. are we going to buy its logic and arguments?
        Reply
        1. S
          surge
          Jul 4, 2017 at 7:15 pm
          Dear Chinese friends reading these comments : first of all you must realize that your country does not support free speech. So all the "history" you learn is simply propaganda. Your country's leaders have made you believe that there is some global conspiracy to destroy China - and they use this same narrative to justify all their misdeeds. We cannot discuss history with you - you have no clue about history.
          Reply
          1. J
            Jinita
            Jul 4, 2017 at 7:40 pm
            No logic. Chinese invented how To make paper. Then people can record on The paper. You trust CNN , But Trump said That is fake news.
            Reply
            1. S
              surge
              Jul 4, 2017 at 11:09 pm
              Dear Jinita - your comment should be framed and displayed in a museum of logic.
            2. H
              Hrjaco
              Jul 4, 2017 at 8:18 pm
              On the contrary, I believe not the history, so if you destroy a dictatorial country where most people live well, it is dictatorship itself. I'm not the most people who only want to have a clean bed but there're many in the world who're still starving, who will listen to bull democracy when they're dying. There's only interest. Especially I have to stress though the atmosphere doesn't appeal to me yet it suits quite a few people including people in your country who're suffering rape, violation everyday. It's not a surprise you do not educate from history. As I can see, no one will give up that territory, save your time to a war.
              Reply
              1. S
                surge
                Jul 4, 2017 at 11:04 pm
                Huh?
            3. J
              Jinita
              Jul 4, 2017 at 6:49 pm
              Here has too many crazy guys ,crazy brain ,crazy mouth. It looks like They have not enough educated. I don't wanna quarrelling here. China EAST has ability To continue running over 100 seconds. Development is The first thing. I invite you guys To visit China ,To see what happen. I think it will change your thinking after The trip.
              Reply
              1. S
                surge
                Jul 4, 2017 at 11:07 pm
                Yeah China developed fast. Good for you. Came at the cost of human rights and extensive environmental damage. But that's your own business. But NONE OF THAT changes the fact the you stole Tibet and continue the same policy with many other neighbors. There's a reason why so many of your neighbors are in a tense near-war situation with you.
                Reply
              2. N
                no please
                Jul 4, 2017 at 5:43 pm
                We are not expanding, honey. Although at some point I disagree will my country but at this point I stand for her. I'm glad you and my country do not engage in a war. And I must stress Bhutan is still an independent country, and that's why I always disgust the US. I think it is you that want to start the war. I'm much dissatisfied with all countries around us, you never know what it is to be NOTHING.
                Reply
                1. T
                  True indian
                  Jul 4, 2017 at 4:28 pm
                  Pakistan wants to destroy India , China wants to see India down, Nepal cannot be trusted, Bangladesh is a cunning country , srilanka will play the china card and get benefits from both china and India dia is overwhelmingly surrounded by not well wishers but bunch of enemies. However In the situations like this instead of making our country strong why is Modi concentrating on Hindi and Hindu agendas. Modi co is very very busy implementing Hindi in southern states. Anybody questioning it then their Patriotism is questioned. You North Indians are Linking Patriotism with Hindi language is direct challenge to secularism. Why should we south Indians learn Hindi when you North Indians refuse to learn any one of south Indian languages . Barking at China will not help . If Indians don’t respect fellow Indians then other countries will take advantage of it.
                  Reply
                  1. N
                    no please
                    Jul 4, 2017 at 5:46 pm
                    We are not expanding, honey. Although at some point I disagree will my country but at this point I stand for her. I'm glad you and my country do not engage in a war. And I must stress Bhutan is still an independent country, and that's why I always disgust the US. I think it is you that want to start the war. I'm much dissatisfied with all countries around us, you never know what it is to be NOTHING.
                    Reply
                    1. F
                      From Southern India
                      Jul 4, 2017 at 6:37 pm
                      I leave in Southern India and nobody is forcing Hindi or Hindu agendas, its all media hype e to the reality. The real problem is the few people like you who try to project mountain out of mill and divides Indian into North and South.
                      Reply
                    2. S
                      Sankaran Krishnan
                      Jul 4, 2017 at 4:12 pm
                      Instead of querying Bhutan and justifying their action it seems China falls prey to stupidity and there is no reason if Bhutan says that China is not tress passed and they are laying the roads on their territory only and why not China convince Bhutan in this regard is the query ??? Otherwise there is no point in blaming India for its selfish acts of crossing over their own territory without the approval of the Border Countries shows them very poorly at the Global level and if good sense prevails upon them they will revert back to their own position without questioning either Bhutan or India and if not be ready to face the heat both from Bhutan and India !!!
                      Reply
                      1. Load More Comments