Centre plans post Mandal: Sub-quotas within OBC share

”There are two potential ways to explore it. Either through a commission for sub-categorisation/classification on a socio-economic basis within OBCs or by re-constituting the NCBC with a term of reference for sub-classification,” said sources.

Written by Ravish Tiwari | New Delhi | Updated: August 14, 2017 9:31 am
NCBC, OBC quota, OBC sub quota, OBC reservation, bihar quota within quota, Mandal Commission, Mandal Commission’s recommendations, indian express news, india news Currently, there is no sub-categorisation among OBCs at the national level. However, states, such as Bihar, have a quota within quota for OBCs based on sub-categories.

Even as the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) awaits Constitutional status, the idea of sub-categorisation among OBCs appears to have emerged as an item on the Government’s “future agenda”, sources told The Indian Express.

The idea is still at a “very nascent stage” but has received attention at the top levels of the Government, said sources with knowledge of the ruling establishment’s line on this issue.

“There are two potential ways to explore it. Either through a commission for sub-categorisation/classification on a socio-economic basis within OBCs or by re-constituting the NCBC with a term of reference for sub-classification,” said sources, referring to the ideas being considered at the moment.

Currently, there is no sub-categorisation among OBCs at the national level. However, states, such as Bihar, have a quota within quota for OBCs based on sub-categories. An earlier attempt to provide sub-quotas for minorities among OBCs in Andhra Pradesh, before Telangana was carved out, was stalled by courts on the ground that religion-based quota is not permitted.

Against this backdrop, the proposed sub-categorisation at the national level could be the most radical move since the V P Singh government accepted the Mandal Commission’s recommendations in 1989.

A quota within quota is considered to be the next stage — Mandal 2.0 — of reservation for OBCs to ensure that the benefits are distributed fairly among constituent castes instead of going only to a few dominant ones.

The idea is gaining traction within the Government after the Congress and other Opposition parties derailed the legislation to grant Constitutional status to NCBC in the Rajya Sabha during the monsoon session.

However, the move is fraught with political risk as regional parties championing the interests of dominant OBC castes are likely to oppose such sub-categorisation. On the other hand, it would suit the BJP’s electoral gambit to woo extremely backward castes (EBCs) as a permanent support base.

During the UP assembly elections this year, non-dominant OBCs had demonstrated their willingness to side with the BJP. In Bihar, the EBCs had turned away from Lalu Prasad’s RJD and rallied behind the JD(U). With Nitish Kumar closing ranks with the BJP once again, the BJP has got a fresh opportunity to create an appeal for itself among EBCs in Bihar. The BJP has also rallied its politics in Haryana around non-dominant OBCs. BJP’s biggest electoral bet — Prime Minister Narendra Modi — too, hails from among non-dominant OBCs.

Apart from garnering their electoral support, Modi has quietly moved to deepen his party’s appeal among OBCs.

For instance, he raised the cap for the OBC creamy layer from Rs 6 lakh per annum to Rs 8 lakh per annum while marking the completion of his government’s three years in office in May.

The move to grant Constitutional status to NCBC was another such move. However, the legislation went off track after the Opposition pressed for a number of amendments, forcing the Government to wait for the winter session of Parliament. With the Gujarat assembly elections likely around that period, the Government doesn’t expect much cooperation from the Opposition on this legislation.

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  1. R
    Ram
    Aug 14, 2017 at 4:34 pm
    ... as noted in Justice Ranganath Misra Commission report, even the criteria adopted by different States while making Presidential Notification under Art 341 or 342 were not identical. ...
    Reply
    1. R
      Ram
      Aug 14, 2017 at 4:29 pm
      Mere cons ution of a Commission or entrusting Terms of Reference for existing one's may not convince the Courts. In some States census on caste lines for more than 95 of the populace, if not entire populace, was available. For whole of India no such community based data available. Without a uniform scale and data covering entire populace how to say who moved upward or who moved downward. When the quantum of reservation is not in proportion to the populace of backward classes, quantifying the extremely backward is extremely difficult. Post WTO regime requires an approach different from Mandal criteria. Per se Mandal criteria were not applied for the entire populace. Moreover, as noted in Justice Ranganath Misra Commission report, even the criteria adopted by different States while making Presidential Notification under Art 341 or 342 were identical. OBC reservation was recognised by different States at different points of time for different reasons. Truly it is a double edged sword.
      Reply
      1. S
        Shivendu
        Aug 14, 2017 at 2:48 pm
        Increase in income limit to 8 lakh for NCOBC is a misinformation. Kindly correct the same.
        Reply
        1. D
          D K
          Aug 14, 2017 at 1:43 pm
          Make 25 percent reservation for economically weaker section of the SC,ST OBC and another 25 per cent reservation for the economically weaker section of the forward caste.
          Reply
          1. R
            Ram
            Aug 14, 2017 at 4:37 pm
            Socio-Economic and Caste Census, 2011, reports that about 92 of rural Indian households (cons uted by approximately 16 Crores of households with about 65 crores of population) had member having highest income of less than Rs.10000/- p.m. Only 8 had more than Rs.10000/- p.m. If a classification based on income criteria is to be made, excepting 2 , entire 98 of the households are to be granted reservation on income basis. When we are relying on sample size of below 100 households to project a population of several crores, the SECC data of rural India cannot be brushed aside as a representative sample of entire populace. In nascent stage of reservation, people were not having adequate knowledge of its worth. After growth of education and empowerment all along, each and every community has acquired clearer information of deriving benefits out of such classifications. Every community wants to have its entry either in Backward Classes or Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes.
            Reply
            1. R
              Ram
              Aug 14, 2017 at 4:37 pm
              Even the survey to identify different classes, either on community basis or on economic basis will only be a futile exercise, in view of the vigilant at ude of people at all levels. No one wants to have their benefit compromised. Legal cases add fuel to the fire. Reservation is seen as a cancer from the perspective of those opposing. It is a diet supplement for those who enjoy it. We need an alien specialist from Mars or Jupiter who is known for impartial at ude towards the issue.
              Reply
            2. P
              Paddy Singh
              Aug 14, 2017 at 12:43 pm
              Why can't education for all below the poverty line be made compulsory at standardised levels? Give the ones who are above average, scholarships at private schools? Increase the budget for education by tripling what is sanctioned today so that standards at govt schools go up by way of staff and facilities, rather than make it a political gimmick for votes. Otherwise we will sink to a level of total incompetence among the have nots if merit for jobs is wiped out. They will only depend on reservations as a means to an end. I have googled for the last three hours to see if China has something resembling our reservations but failed. No wonder they churn out tanks, fighter aircraft, submarines etc, while we take decades to churn out one.
              Reply
              1. M
                module
                Aug 14, 2017 at 12:20 pm
                BJP is consisting with SC, ST, OBC, so they will do every possible to protect them self.
                Reply
                1. A
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                  Aug 14, 2017 at 10:19 am
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                  1. Y
                    yash sehgal
                    Aug 14, 2017 at 8:28 am
                    Yadavs n other castes ( Jats in delhi govt r getting reservation) who r already well to do n r enjoying this sweets will not agree that their plum share be somewhat taken away by unprivileged castes. So they will resist it tooth n nail. There r bound to be caste wars n bloodbath n arson in streets. If Modi wants thrue social justice n peace among castes, he must take the cudgel n end reservation copletely except for handicapped n war widows. But all know, political parties thrive on social unrest n mutual friction. So Modi, though in a position in LS n RS with full strength , will not end it.
                    Reply
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