By 2050, India to have the world’s largest Muslim population: study

India will continue to have a Hindu majority by 2050, the study said.

Written by Vishnu Varma | Updated: April 3, 2015 5:21 pm
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A comprehensive Pew Research Center study shows that by 2050, India will surpass Indonesia to have the largest Muslim population by any country in the world. However, India will continue to have a Hindu majority, the study noted.

The Muslim population in India is likely to exceed 18% (310 million) while Hindus will comprise of 77% of the country’s population.  In 2010, the percentage of Hindus in the country was about 80%, which is likely to come down to 77%. At the same time, over the course of four decades, the Muslim population will increase by four percentage points from 14% to 18%.

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As of 2010, Indonesia has the largest Muslim population (209 million) followed by India (176 million) and Pakistan (167 million). The largest share of Hindus as of 2010 is in India, followed by Nepal and Bangladesh. By 2050, India and Nepal will be the only two countries with a majority Hindu population, the same situation as of 2010, the study said.

Globally, the most interesting aspect from the study is the fact that by 2050, the number of Muslims will nearly equal the number of Christians in the world. Over the course of four decades, while Christians will go from 2.17 to 2.92 billion, Muslims are seen to have the fastest pace of growth to go from 1.6 billion to 2.76 billion. The study notes that Hindus will go from 1.03 billion to 1.38 billion. The world’s total population itself is expected to rise up to 9.3 billion, a rise of 35%.

Region-wise, Muslims are likely to be dominant in the Asia-Pacific region but their size itself will reduce from 62% in 2010 to 53% in 2050. They are also projected to surpass Hindus as the largest religious group in the region. Hindus will also be predominantly living in the Asia-Pacific region by 2050.

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Among all religions, Buddhism is the only one which sees negative growth (from 7% in 2010 to 5% in 2050), largely due to an ageing population and low fertility rates.

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  1. A
    Apr 13, 2017 at 9:01 am
    The expansion of the Muslim Empire in the years following the Prophet Muhammad's death led to the creation of caliphates, occupying a vast geographical area and conversion to Islam was boosted by missionary activities particularly those of Imams, who easily intermingled with local po ce to propagate the religious teachings.[1] These early caliphates, coupled with Muslim economics and trading and the later expansion of the Ottoman Empire, resulted in Islam's spread outwards from Mecca towards both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the creation of the Muslim world. Trading pla an important role in the spread of Islam in several parts of the world, notably southeast Asia.
    1. P
      Apr 19, 2017 at 11:41 pm
      Asad, What missionary activities are you talking about its mostly been by the sword everywhere in the world even now its the same take syria eg. and the plight of yezidis .Christianity is the only religion that grew because of missionaries.DONT PAINT ROSY PICTURE AND MISINTERPRET HISTORY.THATS THE TRUTH.I am not being judgemental. might has always won and you dont have to mellow it down.
      1. L
        Lily Lily
        Nov 11, 2017 at 3:44 pm
        Voila here is a person without demographical data and still stands to speak. I anti te u know how to read and write. ISLAM IS GROWING NOT BECAUSE OF CONVERSIONS BUT BECAUSE OF REPRODUCTION. Muslims on average have more children than any other major religious group. Thus their numbers were growing fast. Muslim girls are married pretty early and without much education considering majority. The ones who r educated enough do not marry before late 20s or early 30s just like the women of other religions.As in the rest of the world, fertility rates in countries with Muslim-majority populations are directly related to educational attainment. And this is according to the research by Pew. It's only in the Americas that you can consider immigration causes.
      2. P
        Jan 11, 2017 at 6:23 pm
        The days are not far when the people from various parts of the world will come to see the Hindu, a vanish specious who had the glorious and well cultured civilization. The slave Congress is only responsible such things. On the basis of religion lndia broken into 3 parts 1.Islamik lndia West stan 2.lslamik lndia East stan (Bangladesh 1971 ) and lndia became as INN and shelter land of Refugees.
        1. Raj Ambardar
          Jan 10, 2017 at 7:56 pm
          This is all miracle of 4 wives ==== 40 children and 1 wife = 1 child 1 bonus = 2 children
          1. A
            Jul 30, 2017 at 8:37 pm
            Hindus dnt get merry but keep an illegal extra marital affair and when they conceive they abort dnt abort then u can make 100 children.then it wil be a big miracle
            1. L
              Lily Lily
              Nov 11, 2017 at 3:23 pm
              Look how well you reflect the low and uneducated mentality of the muslims. "Allah ki den hai" What the hell! pls start using some contraceptive methods....then allah will start giving the den in terms of financial and educational upliftment instead of your population being a burden on earth. Do u even know what real ISlam is about! It doesnt teach this u r talking.
          2. Amit Roy
            Jan 11, 2017 at 3:29 am
            Greatest threat to mankind. World will be filled with Talibans, stans, Syria, Bangladesh, Jamat, Jehad, terrorists,;br/gt;Horrible news!!! If the Indian govt fails to curb the growing muslim potion in and around India.....Human civilization will vanish and Terrorism will fill every inch of the universe.
            1. Syn Hope
              Apr 17, 2017 at 6:22 am
              The total extremist po tion of those Muslims are less than 1 . I have tonnes of family friends, neighbours consisting of Muslims. I still have to meet one Muslim extremist. Actually, you are extremist to me by your dangerous views.
            2. C
              Mar 6, 2017 at 4:34 am
              Mayank wait, ur g kids and great g kids will get the answer. You write this question in a family book.
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