2G spectrum case verdict: All acquitted, CBI indicted

In a statement, Raja said the acquittal proved that the presumptive loss claim was “cooked-up”.

Written by Kaunain Sheriff M , Abhishek Angad | New Delhi | Updated: December 25, 2017 12:16 pm
Rajya Sabha MP Kanimozhi and A Raja at the court premises on Thursday (Express Photos/Abhinav Saha/Tashi Tobgyal)

Severely castigating the CBI for putting “no question” to any witness on the allegation that a “transaction of Rs 200 crore was a transaction of illegal gratification linked to (UPA telecom minister) A Raja” for allocation of 2G spectrum in 2008, a Delhi special court Thursday acquitted DMK’s Raja, his party colleague and Rajya Sabha member Kanimozhi and 15 others charged with criminal breach of trust, conspiracy and cheating over alleged largescale irregularities in the allocation.

Special judge O P Saini, while pulling up the CBI for “remaining silent” and “filing a well-choreographed chargesheet” and noting that the prosecutor had made it out to be a “case of high political corruption”, said: “I have endeavoured hard to persuade myself to take an expansive and liberal view of the prosecution case. However, in view of deficient, or I may say nil evidence on record, I find myself unimpressed and unmoved, whatever may be the nature of the case. High profile nature of a case cannot be used as a ground for holding people guilty without legal evidence.”

Read | Decoding the 2G spectrum verdict: Charge by charge, how case collapsed

In a veiled reference to the presumptive loss to the exchequer — at one stage, the Comptroller and Auditor General pegged it at Rs 176,000 crore — in the grant of 2G licences, Saini said “some people created a scam by artfully arranging a few selected facts and exaggerating things beyond recognition to astronomical levels” and “a huge scam was seen by everyone where there was none”.

“These are only a few examples of how policy issues are strewn around here and there in a disorderly manner. Because of this, it becomes very difficult for outside agencies and institutions to understand issues in proper perspective, leaving scope for controversy.”

Former telecom minister A Raja after the verdict in New Delhi on Thursday. (Express Photo: Tashi Tobgyal)

At the centre of the case were these allegations: Raja misled Manmohan Singh, the then Prime Minister; fixation of an arbitrary cut-off date; violation of the First Come First Serve policy in issuing Letters of Intent; granting of Unified Access Service licences to two ineligible companies; and, payment of Rs 200 crore bribe to Kalaignar TV Pvt Ltd, promoted by the family of DMK patriarch M Karunanidhi.

Also Read | The scam that wasn’t : CAG, BJP need to apologise

Those acquitted included former telecom secretary Siddharth Behura, Raja’s former private secretary R K Chandolia, Swan Telecom promoters Shahid Usman Balwa and Vinod Goenka, Unitech Ltd managing director Sanjay Chandra and Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group executives Gautam Doshi, Surendra Pipara and Hari Nair.

Former Telecom Minister A Raja outside New Delhi’s Patiala House court after his acquittal in the 2G spectrum case Thursday. (Express Photo: Abhinav Saha)

Others given the clean chit were film producer Karim Morani, Kalaignar TV director Sharad Kumar, Kusegaon Fruits and Vegetables Pvt Ltd’s Asif Balwa and Rajiv Aggarwal. The companies acquitted were Swan Telecom Pvt Ltd, Unitech (Tamil Nadu) Pvt Ltd and Reliance Telecom Ltd of Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group.

In a separate 2G additional spectrum allocation case, Essar Group promoters Ravi Kant Ruia and Anshuman Ruia and Loop Telecom’s I P Khaitan were also acquitted.

Also Read: Who was ‘real’ 2G elephant, asks Raja? Not me

In a statement, Raja said the acquittal proved that the presumptive loss claim was “cooked-up”. He said “my firm belief in the rightfulness of my actions as well as my faith in our nation’s justice system has been validated today”. Kanimozhi said justice had been delivered. “I have always believed that I would see light at the end of the tunnel. I have been waiting these last six years for this day. The last six years have been harrowing to say the least,” she said.

In his order, judge Saini said: “Witnesses were in the witness­ box and they could have explained all the circumstances. All these circumstances spring from the evidence on record and are capable of explanation. Prosecution must have afforded an opportunity to the witnesses to explain the deficiencies in the documents, but it remained silent at that time and is now endeavouring hard at the bar to condemn the witnesses and documents executed by them, behind their back. These things must have been put to the witnesses.”

DMK MP Kanimozhi outside the Patiala House Courts in New Delhi on Thursday. (Express Photo: Tashi Tobgyal)

The judge said public perception was “created by rumour, gossip and speculation”. “I may also add that for the last about seven years, on all working days, summer vacation included, I religiously sat in the open court from 10 am to 5 pm, awaiting for someone with some legally admissible evidence in his possession, but all in vain… Not a single soul turned up. This indicates that everybody was going by public perception created by rumour, gossip and speculation. However, public perception has no place in judicial proceedings,” he said.

Also Read: How CBI judge verdict in 2G case stacks up against Supreme Court order scrapping licences

“..the genesis of the instant case lies not so much in the actions of Sh A Raja but in the action/inaction of others… There is no material on record to show A Raja was mother lode of conspiracy in the instant case. There is also no evidence of his no-holds barred immersion in any wrongdoing, conspiracy or corruption… I have absolutely no hesitation in holding that the prosecution has miserably failed to prove any charge against any of the accused, made in its well-choreographed chargesheet,” Saini said.

Former prime minister Manmohan Singh (File Photo)

These are some of the findings of the court on the allegations:

* Raja misled Manmohan Singh

Saini said: “I do not find any merit in submission of the prosecution that the Hon’ble Prime Minister was either misled by Sh A Raja or that the facts were misrepresented to him. The arguments have been taken up by the prosecution just to prejudice the mind of the court by invoking the high name and authority of Hon’ble Prime Minister of the country.”

Instead, the judge pointed out, it was Pulok Chatterjee, then Joint Secretary at the PMO, in consultation with T K A Nair, Principal Secretary, along with another official who suppressed the most “relevant part” of the letter of Raja to Manmohan Singh. The letter was written by Raja on December 26, 2007 and in the annexure to the letter he had mentioned he had explained three important issues including the new licences.

RELATED REPORT: Allegations of corruption against UPA were never true, says Chidambaram

Saini said the letter was examined by Pulok Chatterjee on December 31, and the file was marked to Nair. This letter was acknowledged and sent to Raja on January 3, 2008. Court records stated that Chatterjee recorded a “long note” and marked it to Nair who finally signed it on January 7. Saini said the “note ignored the most important and controversial issue of new licences”. According to the court, the Prime Minister expressed resentment and wanted “PMO to be at arm’s length”. Chatterjee rectified his mistake, placed the “correct facts” before the PM on January 15 but it was “too late” since DoT had already issued 120 LoIs on January 10, 2008.

Gates of former Telecom minister A Raja’s decked-up Delhi residence. (Express Photo: Gajendra Yadav)

* Cut-off date to favour Swan, Unitech Wireless

Saini said the blame to decide the September 25 cut-off date cannot be “laid at the doors of A Raja alone”. It said it was “not a conspiracy” but an “an administrative step taken up by officers of DoT in view of receipt of large number of applications, but was later on disowned by them when the issue became controversial”.

“Why did the officers (of DoT) agree to it when they were not sure (of the date)… As per the notes, the discussion about date of 25.9.07 took place among all important functionaries of DoT and the decisions to issue LoI applications was a well-considered decision of DoT and not that of A Raja alone.” The court also noted the discrepancies in then telecom secretary D S Mathur’s deposition as he had blamed Raja for the cut-off date.

Also Read | Om Prakash Saini: Cop to judge, a stickler for procedures

The court said the allegation that Raja’s private secretary R K Chandolia had inquired if Unitech’s licence had been received fell flat because there was no written evidence. “…Chandolia was inquiring about filing of Unitech application… (It is) only by way of oral evidence (which) carries much less credence… Legal position does not support oral evidence.”

Kanimozhi with her mother Rajathi Ammal and husband G Aravindan outside Patiala House court after the verdict in the 2G case Thursday. (Express Photo: Renuka Puri)

* First Come First Serve policy

Saini said the first-come-first-serve process in itself was not followed by DoT. “First come first serve process was not an integrated process. It does not follow sequentially in a well designed coordinated manner.” The judge said deposition of officials make it clear that after receiving the Unified Access Service licence, the applicant had to apply for spectrum separately. But there was no effort on part of the DoT to track and ensure the first-come-first-serve process, he said.


* Rs 200 crore bribe

Saini said there was “no evidence, oral or documentary” to show that Rs 200 crore illegal gratification meant for Raja was parked in DMK-run Kalaignar TV (P) Limited. “..witness after witness deposed that transfer of Rs 200 crore was a genuine transaction and was duly documented in the books, but the prosecution did not challenge the version of any witness or the genuineness of the documents proved by them. No question was put by the prosecution to any witness that the transaction of Rs 200 crore was a transaction of illegal gratification linked to A Raja,” the judge said.

Acquitted in 2G spectrum case, A Raja says presumptive loss to exchequer was 'cooked-up' A Raja greets supporters as he leaves the Patiala house court after being acquitted in the 2 G case. Photo by Tashi Tobgyal

* Granting licences to two ineligible companies

Saini said that funding of Swan by Reliance Telecom Ltd was within “permissible limits”. He pulled up the DoT, stating that if clause 8 of UASL guidelines had been violated, then the DoT should have amended the licence agreement.

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  1. C
    Dec 23, 2017 at 6:26 am
    What more does the public need in terms of verification that this government has only beaten the drum of lies. No facts, no substance, but a string of false claims and promises that have catapulted this party to power. The greater and most worrying fact is that this regime is so overcome with malignant egotism and so emasculated of morality that it continues with its shameful overindulgence with denial at every step. What more would it take to have them to offer apology to the very public that they have cheated, and what more would it take the public to have them bring this regime to an electoral defeat!
    1. V Janardan Rao
      Dec 22, 2017 at 12:26 pm
      " Having milked the case and won a general election, the BJP government owes an explanation to the country as to why the prosecution failed to connect the dots. BJP MP Subrahmaniam Swamy it on internal sabotage. " FOR SEVEN YEARS, I RELIGIOUSLY WAIED FOR SOMEONE TO GIVE EVIDENCE, BUT IN VAIN." ----SPECIAL COURT judge Saini acquits all accused.----" " prosecution miserably failed to prove the scam." ( The 2G case that reshaped the political discourse of the country and telescoped into the fall of the Manmohan Singh govt.) Hours after the judgement, both ED and CBI announced their decision to appeal. As for the DMK and the Congress, they have every reason to feel vindicated. But the game is not ye over." Editorial, Indian Express,22/12/2017. THE MAIN ISSUE IS : THE BJP GOVT. OWES AN EXPLANATION.WHY THE PROSECUTION FAILED
      1. Sankaran Krishnan
        Dec 22, 2017 at 7:31 am
        Yes we have to accept the verdict and also do understand that we have many Judges in the likes of Kumaraswamis but not the likes of Cunha's or else the Justice is bought by all concerned by diluting the case to favour such verdict and on this aspect Judge found fault with the prosecution says it all about our Govt. Advocates and it is a known fact that Govt. appointed ones can be bought easily which is the reason in most cases the Govt. failed . Also we can t expect the Judges to deliver Justice because first they had practiced as Advocates by following all lies, frauds and cheats to defend their clients and to earn money for their livelihood and suddenly once they become the Judges after 2 decades experiences as Lawyers ONE can't expect Law and Justice from them to be impartial with the exception of very few who rise to the occasion !Let us see how the Nature punishes them or reward them in the coming years which is applicable to both Acquitted ones and as well those who associated!
        1. M
          Dec 22, 2017 at 8:00 am
          There seems to be more here than meets the eye. The judge had admonished the CBI for not asking questions and not bringing any evidence. So the judge appears fair here. I think the CBI was under instructions to go light on the case. When Jayalalitha was exonerated, CBI did not even appeal the acquittal. Jayalalitha followed up with supporting BJP in Rajya Sabha. Similar machinations in action here too after Modi's recent cosying up to Karunanidhi. He flew to Madras straight from his campaign in Gujarat as if he was an old ailing ally.
          1. D
            Dec 22, 2017 at 10:11 am
            Very well said.This politicians,be it congress or BJP,they nicely fool people.And our blind bhaktas(Of Both BJP Congress),dont's leave any stone unturned to glorify their leaders.God only can save this country from disaster.
          2. michal saminathan
            Dec 22, 2017 at 11:05 am
            If at all we have to compare vinod raj to kumarasamy
          3. Socrates Santos
            Dec 22, 2017 at 7:28 am
            s: en.wikipedia /wiki/2G_spectrum_scam..... "The 2G spectrum loss is a scam colluded by politicians and government officials under the INC (Congress) coalition government. On 2 February 2012, the Supreme Court of India ruled on a public interest litigation (PIL) related to the 2G spectrum allocation. The court declared the allotment of spectrum "uncons utional and arbitrary", cancelling the 122 licenses issued in 2008 under A. Raja (Minister of Communications IT from 2007 to 2009), the primary official accused.[1] According to the court, Raja "wanted to favour some companies at the cost of the public exchequer" "virtually gifted away important national asset[s]."...... The scam was unearthed in 2007 during CONgress rule itself. Initial investigation of evidence (or hiding it) was done by CBI under CONgress government only, hence heavily influenced. Once in power, BJP just left the CBI continue its shoddy work on this case, and that was a crucial mistake.
            1. M
              Dec 22, 2017 at 7:17 am
              Country is seeing how during its 10-year rule, corruption of ten to fourteen lakh crore rupees took place under the very nose of UPA, Congress is not an ancient thought process as claimed by few, rather Congress is a corrupt thought process and that has been proved by the judicial process today, Elections are won not because of riots on streets, not because 'sadak pe aag laga ke as claimed by congress but Elections are won because the mantra of reform transform and perform works in the country under the able leadership of sir MODIJI, elections are won as people compare how during UPA days, direct benefit transfer (DBT) was not there and money could not reach the pockets of poor man, Madhu Koda was an Independent MLA, but because of the fact that government was formed with outside support of Congress party, government then was almost Congress government run by 10 Janpath, 24 Akbar Road by help of Sonia, Rahul and Ahmed Patel, now Machu Koda will serve 3yrs in prison,-Jai hind
              1. michal saminathan
                Dec 22, 2017 at 11:06 am
                You must be an axshxle
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