Two developments that could have long term impact on India-Nepal ties

Early this month, at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, India criticised Nepal's human rights record, especially in dealing with the Madhesi agitation.

Written by Yubaraj Ghimire | Kathmandu | Published:November 16, 2015 4:03 pm
Nepal’s newly-appointed prime minister Khadga Prasad Oli, center, is surrounded by journalists at the Constituent Assembly in Kathmandu, Nepal, Sunday, Oct. 11, 2015.  (Source: AP) FILE: Nepal Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli, center, is surrounded by journalists at the Constituent Assembly in Kathmandu, Nepal, Sunday, Oct. 11, 2015. (Source: AP)

A series of recent developments have marked a new low in Nepal-India relations – a relationship the two sides in better times often referred to as a ‘historic and special one’.

Early this month, at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, India criticised Nepal’s human rights record, especially in dealing with the Madhesi agitation. India also demanded legal action against those guilty of human rights violations during the years of insurgency in Nepal — India had mediated the Maoists joining mainstream politics, the insurgents who had raised arms against the state.

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India has also apparently succeeded in getting Britain — a country that marks 200 years of diplomatic relations with Nepal this year — to toe its line on the constitution that Nepal promulgated on September 20. A joint statement issued by Britain and India during

Prime Minister Modi’s visit last week to the UK, advised Nepal to address the prevailing grievances of different sections of the people and create a condition for stability and economic prosperity.

In essence, India which has always treated Nepal as a country in its sphere of influence, is raising issues concerning its neighbour in world forums for the first time.

Newly-elected Nepalese Prime Minister K P Oli, who had been delaying the customary address to the nation as PM, chose to respond to both issues as well as the controversial blockade, on Sunday. His speech had a few underlying messages: India was undermining Nepal’s sovereignty and its right as a landlocked country; it was not respecting Nepal’s right to create its own constitution; because of the obstruction in supplies, pregnant women and patients in need of surgery, and children were badly hit and that the Nepalese public blamed India for the current situation.

He wholeheartedly praised China as a friend-in-need having provided fuel and other commodities in the hour of crisis, and issued a warning to India: Nepal was not going to depend solely on India for trade and supply any longer—currently, around 70 per cent of external trade is with India.

‘The ‘blockade’ by India has taken place in the past as well, with the longest one lasting for 19 months in 1988-89, but the criticism of India was never as strident as now. China’s stepping in to assist Nepal, and India taking issues to international forums, are two developments in the bilateral relations that may have long term consequences.

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  1. .
    Jun 11, 2016 at 2:07 pm
    need more points for studies...but its nice...
    1. S
      Nov 16, 2015 at 8:29 pm
      The Gurkhas will see what will happen then in India!
      1. R
        Nov 16, 2015 at 6:58 pm
        I'm feeling very sad about the joint statement by British and Indians. If they want to interfere in Nepal's internal matter we should call for Greater Nepal get our land back call to void Sugauli treaty.
        1. R
          Nov 16, 2015 at 6:50 pm
          Mr. Ghimire what about Sugauli treaty? If India can claim old artifacts and kohinoor why not call for Greater Nepal. Nepal signed a treaty with a East India Company so Nepal should claim our land and dream for Greater Nepal.
        2. R
          Nov 16, 2015 at 9:20 pm
          Nepal can play with its water just build dam and control the flow which will create havoc to Indian farmers. Just don't play with Nepal in a long term you Indian gonna lose if Nepalese politician play theirs cards right.
        3. K
          Nov 18, 2015 at 6:14 am
          Boys grow yourself up.Don't fool yourself anymore. Be an Independent Nation and Citizen. whose land was it - Bangladesh and stan ??? BTW, It's official even in 21st Century that East Indian Company still rules India. Look at modi begging & taking advice from UK prime minister. You guys should fight within yourself to be fully independent country and Citizen of Ancient Civilisation not Like a makkhi goes all around the world and suckles the honey.
          1. K
            Nov 17, 2015 at 4:25 pm
            Nepalese love Indian peoples, some movies, some food . Northen part of Indian citizens are Nepalese but Nepalese never took favour on them. you can see Gornd Issue. Currently, Bihar and Up has 60% trade with Nepal approximately. If Nepal's Trade increases with china those poor 25% of UP n Bihar People will die Because of Hunger. Don't forgot to Count those Suicidal Death of MP and Rajasthani Farmers. For Tourism - Nepal will explore other countries who are more civilised and 1 foreign tourist will spend 10 times than 1 Indian tourist and in addition when they come Nepal or Google about Nepal it will expose India's treachery without big Bang. Gurkha Army is a 'Black in Nepalese's pride'. It has to be stopped sooner or later . The early is best. there will be lot of opportunities arises if Nepal broadens herself to another 30 million people. Of course there is a always a concern of "gaddari'' from for Nepalese politician who sold chinese contributed Industries to Indian Black Marketers (looters) in 2 paise value. Now, China also understands this and instead of contributing Industries or anything which goes to Sneaky Indian's hand, they are establishing industries themselves which provides employement and Sustainity in Nepal.
            1. S
              Nov 16, 2015 at 9:13 pm
              Gr always seems greener on the other side. If Nepal and India stops business with each other for atleast a decade or two. Nepal starts buying fuel and essential commodities from China and other countries. Though it does not seem that this is likely. If this happens then soon both Nepal and India will learn what they need to learn. Either India will completely lose its relevance or Nepal will truly realise the value of India. Both Nepal and India has been using each other. India needs to free itself from helping Nepal in times of need but still face politics of hatred in return. And Nepal needs to free itself from being bullied from the big brother.
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