Share of Muslims and Hindus in J&K population same in 1961, 2011 Censuses

Numbers for the two communities show a remarkable similarity.

Written by ZEESHAN SHAIKH | Updated: December 30, 2016 8:25 am
j&K, J&K population, J&K muslim population, J&K hindu population, Jammu kashmir, jammu kashmir population, J&K census, J&K news, India news Hurriyat Conference supporters shout slogans during a protest after Friday prayers in Srinagar. (AP Photo)

As another agitation looms over Jammu and Kashmir over the alleged government-induced demographic change — through the issuance of identity certificates to the mostly Hindu West Pakistan refugees — Census figures show the overall religious make-up of the state remains almost exactly similar to what it was 50 years ago.

In 1961, Muslims, with a population of 24.32 lakh, constituted 68.31% of the state’s population of 35.60 lakh, while Hindus, numbering 10.13 lakh, made up 28.45%.

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Half a century later, the Census of 2011 recorded the Muslim population at 85.67 lakh — again 68.31% of the total population of 125.41 lakh (1.25 crore) — and the Hindu population at 35.66 lakh (28.43% of the total).

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j&K, J&K population, J&K muslim population, J&K hindu population, Jammu kashmir, jammu kashmir population, J&K census, J&K news, India news

The changes in demography are a contentious issue in Jammu and Kashmir. The separatists and the government have often engaged in divisive debates on J&K’s demographic profile, drawing sections of the population into agitations and street protests, and fanning fears that the state’s unique position under the Constitution is under threat.

The pre-Independence Census of 1941 recorded Muslims as constituting 72.41% of the population, and Hindus 25.01%. Thereafter, the proportion of Muslims in the state’s population fell gradually until 1981, when it bottomed at 64.19%, even as the Hindu population peaked at 32.24%.

After 1981, the proportion of Muslims in the population started to rise, touching 66.97% in 2001 and 68.31% in the following count in 2011.

Jammu and Kashmir originally had 14 districts — 6 each in the Kashmir and Jammu divisions, and 2 in Ladakh. Ten of these districts were Muslim-majority — 6 in Kashmir, 3 in Jammu and 1 in Ladakh. Three districts had a Hindu majority and 1 had a Buddhist majority.

In 2006, 8 new districts were created, taking the total number of districts to 22. Of these, 17 have a Muslim majority — 10 in Kashmir, 1 in Ladakh, 6 in Jammu.

Hindus are the majority community in 4 districts of the Jammu division; Buddhists are the majority in Leh.

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  1. B
    Buddha
    Jan 8, 2017 at 4:20 am
    IE. You keep amusing me with the new lows you hit to every ping day with your "reporting". While I may grant you that you may not have doctored these figures, you certainly have manited these numbers to suit your narrative. Can you make a similar historical analysis of ONLY Kashmir Valley? Or are you too afraid to be caught red handed?
    Reply
    1. B
      Buddha
      Jan 8, 2017 at 4:14 am
      You want the Indian Army to honour the stone peters with flowers then? I fully back the Indian Army. Those soldiers have not been sent to die of stones thrown by thankless Islamic majoritarians. A soldier has a right to self defence and even if 10,00,000stone pelting Kashmiris had died of pellet guns, it is acceptable to every Indian. It's laughable when Kashmiris or their sympathisers talk about human rights when Kashmiris themselves don't respect the human rights of Indian soldiers.
      Reply
      1. D
        Dash
        Jan 1, 2017 at 10:36 am
        Forget Kashmir valley for a monent. Look at Western UP. Katwaas in Western UP are killing,raping Hindus everyday. Women afe being gangraped,gangrape videos circulated,girls aulted. Western UP has become a killing field for Hindus. Thanks to jats,a few BJP MLAs and MPs,Hindusblive there. Otherwise they would have fled. Kairana is an example of the problems Hindus face there. Mujaffarnagar,Shamli,Meerut,Saharanpur,Baghpat etc.have substantial moslemm potion. Hindus face serious problems. Mughalistan corridor project cant be allowed to progress. Hindus from other areas need to wake up. We need to think-can out future generations survive?
        Reply
        1. A
          Anon
          Jan 1, 2017 at 4:00 pm
          Hindus have no rights unless they are congress supporters
          Reply
          1. A
            Anon
            Jan 1, 2017 at 3:58 pm
            Terrorism is a fek lie created by jhumla party
            Reply
            1. A
              Anon
              Jan 1, 2017 at 3:59 pm
              You mean bengal where witnesses are still requesting help ?
              Reply
              1. S
                ss
                Jan 1, 2017 at 10:22 pm
                Notice the creeping islamisation of the Jammu districts. And, of course, the steady decline in the proportion of Hindu potion in the valley since 1981.
                Reply
                1. K
                  kunal
                  Feb 17, 2017 at 6:00 am
                  muslim
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                    Mahender Goriganti
                    Jan 1, 2017 at 8:04 pm
                    All these pigs don't understand that they will be halal-ed like chickens in any Islamic republic as is the case right now including in Porkaristan.
                    Reply
                    1. P
                      Prateik
                      Jan 2, 2017 at 10:36 am
                      Hindus do not have any religion just Amar Chitra Katha ..stories told by old men ...total fiction..just imagine 2 crore bhagwans in cow stomach most of them are eaten by now by Muslims dalit's and Christians .height of ignorance..stop blaming Muslims ...go and find a true religion....
                      Reply
                      1. S
                        Shirish Dave
                        Jan 27, 2017 at 5:25 pm
                        The writer has mischievously avoided the Hindu potion in Kashmir Valley in 1947 and 1981. There is no mention of carnage and macre executed by Muslims in 1979-80. Change in demography was not a matter of worry for Muslims in 1979-80 when Hindus were killed and the rest were driven out in Kashmir Valley.
                        Reply
                        1. M
                          Man
                          Dec 30, 2016 at 4:26 pm
                          Impotent naresha
                          Reply
                          1. A
                            Ash
                            Dec 30, 2016 at 9:17 pm
                            That's not weeping, raising important stat, forcefully driven away so many families is not something to be forgotten.
                            Reply
                            1. A
                              Aversion
                              Dec 30, 2016 at 3:40 am
                              Share of Muslim vs Pandit same as in 1961.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;That means the so called migration of pandits from Jammu is a totally fake news manufactured by brahmins all these 30 years.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;This Great news shouldmput to rest all the theory of immigration of brahmin pandits from Kashmere, UNLIKE ARYAN IMMIGRATION. Ha...ha...
                              Reply
                              1. V
                                Vihari Naidu
                                Dec 30, 2016 at 5:33 am
                                What about their distribution with in the valley ? Was it the same or the Hindu's disappeared all of a sudden ?
                                Reply
                                1. Z
                                  zeed
                                  Dec 30, 2016 at 7:41 am
                                  I.E. should not publish statistics because numbers especially the true and verified ones hurt the collective conscience. lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Lung spitters unite!
                                  Reply
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                                    Afzal Ahmad
                                    Dec 30, 2016 at 6:57 pm
                                    Remember Gujarat genocide 2002, more recently Muzaffarnagar, Kashmir and innumerable incidences where after m rape Muslim women were burnt alive or murdered. Even Muslim men were brutally macred or burnt alive. If you are a real Hindu, please let me know does Hinduism allows? Do you know that Google has listed our present Prime Minister and the then CM of Gujarat among top ten criminals of word? Now let me know who are real traitors?
                                    Reply
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                                      Ehsan Habib
                                      Dec 30, 2016 at 6:11 am
                                      The shape of demographic structure will be more clearer, if the AJK is taken into consideration. lt;br/gt;Kashmir was destined to join stan will 85% poce being Muslim. But of course Nehru was shrewdest of his lot and knew how to spell things for long terms.
                                      Reply
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                                        Ajey Bharti
                                        Dec 30, 2016 at 9:17 am
                                        False and misleading figures that have been deliberately manited. Hindu numbers in both 2001 and 2011 are inserted. I have contacted Registrar and asked them to identify just 10 villages in Kashmir valley wher they believe Hindu potion is more than 500 souls. No one was the verbal reply.lt;br/gt;Those who think these numbers must verify this one simple fact and let us know the names of 10 villages in Kashmir valley where 500 Hindu souls are still living.
                                        Reply
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                                          amrik
                                          Dec 30, 2016 at 2:56 pm
                                          lies, they are hiding the muslim potion mive gain
                                          Reply
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                                            A Chakraborty
                                            Dec 30, 2016 at 7:06 am
                                            Muslims can only reproduce and bring more primitive, intolerant, sub-humans in this who are a threat to the civilization. islam itself is an evil ideology.
                                            Reply
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