Share of Muslims in jail bigger than in the population, show NCRB data

In Maharashtra, roughly every tenth person is Muslim, as opposed to almost every third inmate in its prisons.

Written by Deeptiman Tiwary | New Delhi | Updated: November 3, 2016 12:34 pm
ncrb, national crime record bureau, dalits prisoners, muslims prisoners, indian prisoners, religious discrimination, india news, indian express It is also important to compare these figures with those of Muslim convicts languishing in jails across states.

Muslims make up 15.8% of all convicts and 20.9% of all undertrials in jails across the country. This is higher than their share in the country’s population, which is 14.2%. But in some states, this gap is far wider. According to latest data on prisons by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), in 2015, in states such as Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, the percentage of Muslims in the incarcerated population was almost thrice the percentage of Muslims in the overall population.

Muslims, who are 11.5% of the population of Maharashtra, made up 30% of all undertrials in the state. The gap widened in 2015 from what it had been a year earlier — in 2014, Muslim undertrials made up 26% of all undertrials in Maharashtra.

In states such as West Bengal, Gujarat and Rajasthan, Muslims have almost double the share of undertrial populations in prisons than their share in the populations of the states.

As per the 2011 Census, Muslims are 27% of the population of West Bengal. The NCRB data for 2015 show they account for 47% — almost half of the total — of undertrials in the state’s prisons. But West Bengal also has the maximum number of foreign prisoners, primarily Bangladeshis, who get counted in demographic categorisation by faith.

It is also important to compare these figures with those of Muslim convicts languishing in jails across states. A bigger gap between the two figures would show that while more Muslims are being booked in such states, they are not being convicted for lack of evidence.

ncrb, national crime record bureau, dalits prisoners, muslims prisoners, indian prisoners, religious discrimination, india news, indian express

In Maharashtra again, this gap is the widest. Muslim convicts make up only 20% of the convict population in Maharashtra’s jails. In all states, the share of Muslims among convicts is higher than their share of population, but lower than their share among undertrials. Tamil Nadu, where Muslims make up 17% of convicts, and Rajasthan, with 18% of such convicts, buck the trend. These two states have 16% Muslim undertrials each.

The figures from Uttar Pradesh, where politics often gets divided along Hindu-Muslim lines, are stark. Muslims represent 19% of all convicts which is exactly proportional to their share in the population of the state. However, among undertrials, the share of Muslims in 27%.

In north India, Bihar fares well, the data show. With a significant population of Muslims — 17% — the state had 18% jail inmates from the community

In Kerala, a Hindu-majority state with a significant Muslim population, the incarceration of the minority community was almost proportional. Against a Muslim population of 27%, the state had 26% undertrials coming from the community.

In undivided Andhra Pradesh, 17% undertrials were Muslim. Fifteen per cent of convicts in the jails of united Andhra belonged to the community, as opposed to their much smaller share (10 per cent) in the population.

Data for Delhi and Madhya Pradesh also show wide gaps between the share of Muslims in their populations and the share of Muslims in their jails. With a 13% share in the population of Delhi, the community accounted for 22% of undertrials in jail and 19% of convicts. In MP, with a share of 7% in population, Muslims made up 13% of undertrials and 10% of convicts.

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    meraj Shahab
    May 18, 2017 at 8:18 pm
    Sikhs and Christians are most likely to be detained and imprisoned. The NCRB released this data in the Prison Statistics India 2014 report, in September. As a percentage, there are more Sikhs in prison than followers of any other faith in India. 840 Sikhs per million are in prison followed by Christians (601), Muslims (477) and Hindus (305). Sikhs & Christians each are just 2 of India's population according to the 2011 Census. The proportion of Sikh convicts is three times their proportion in the general population For Christians, the figure is two times. A total of 282,879 people are undertrials in Indian jails. 70 of these undertrials are Hindu, 21 Muslim, 4 Christian and 4 Sikh. Of 131,157 convicts, 72 of convicts (95,348) are Hindus, 16 (21,550) are Muslim, 4 Christian and 6 Sikh, says the report. This shows that police and law is more stringent when the deviant is from a minority community, and they are indulgent towards Hindus.
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      meraj Shahab
      May 18, 2017 at 7:42 pm
      Rural muslims are 12 whereas in urban India Muslims are 18 . More crime and more conviction occurs from urban India and therefore conviction among Muslims is higher than their over all population of 14.2 but lower than their population in urban India 18 . There is definitely discrimination...gap between of under trials and of convicted Muslims proves this. And why conviction rate among Muslims in UP, Bihar, Kerala is exactly as their population ratio. Are they more civilized than other Muslims. Urbanization and discrimination are factors to be looked into.
      Reply
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        h
        Jan 23, 2017 at 7:38 pm
        LOL
        Reply
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          Abhinav Gour
          Nov 3, 2016 at 6:31 am
          So stuupid IE wants police to let off ppl based on religion
          Reply
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            Alok
            Nov 3, 2016 at 11:57 am
            Same is true in U.K. Europe Australia and USA
            Reply
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              IslamForFoools
              Nov 3, 2016 at 12:29 pm
              Islam can only increase jail potion and terrorism, ban Islam
              Reply
              1. I
                IslamForFoools
                Nov 3, 2016 at 12:28 pm
                Islam canot produce good human beings
                Reply
                1. I
                  IslamForFoools
                  Nov 3, 2016 at 1:09 pm
                  Islam ruined Muslims, mederessas is just place where Islam is taught ( hatred towards non Muslims, women and what not )
                  Reply
                  1. I
                    IslamForFoools
                    Nov 3, 2016 at 5:31 pm
                    Mohemmed which you consider prophet is m a d a r c h o d
                    Reply
                    1. I
                      IslamForFoools
                      Nov 3, 2016 at 12:27 pm
                      Mosques and mederessas responsible for this
                      Reply
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                        IslamForFoools
                        Nov 3, 2016 at 12:26 pm
                        Muslims have higher potion in jails even in all other countries, USA, U.K., Australia, Europe. That just means, Muslims are up brought to do crimes and terrorism by their parents, those who are blaming governments are nothing but jihadi kuran terrorists spreading terrorism against non Muslims and human race. Shame on Islam
                        Reply
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                          IslamForFoools
                          Nov 3, 2016 at 12:28 pm
                          Now please see what percent of Muslims have noble prize for science, almost none. Jews are number one in scintific noble prizes which helped entire human race, and Muslims hate Jews and Hindus and Christian and every non Muslim
                          Reply
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                            IslamForFoools
                            Nov 3, 2016 at 4:36 am
                            That means Muslims are criminals and terrorists, Islamic mederessas teaching is responsible for that
                            Reply
                            1. I
                              IslamForFoools
                              Nov 3, 2016 at 12:26 pm
                              That's a shame on kuran and Islam
                              Reply
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                                Auguya
                                Nov 3, 2016 at 4:32 am
                                There are more Muslims in Bollywood than their share. So should we stop using them?
                                Reply
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                                  Abdul Jaleel
                                  Nov 3, 2016 at 11:12 am
                                  Ham Aah Bhi karte Hai to Ho Jate Hai Jail ke Andar lt;br/gt;Wo Jurm Bhi karte hai Aur Charcha Bhi nahi Hota
                                  Reply
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                                    IndianWellWisher
                                    Nov 3, 2016 at 7:01 am
                                    Very consistent data, given most terrorists are muslims.
                                    Reply
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                                      Amar Akbar
                                      Nov 3, 2016 at 2:06 pm
                                      In jihad also, 100% are Muslims, but Sunni Muslims share is highest. Here is another fact.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;4 Sunni Muslim Groups Responsible for 66% of All 17,958 Terror Killings in 2013, 80% in 2014 and 90% of all terror kiIIings in 2015.
                                      Reply
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                                        Observer
                                        Nov 5, 2016 at 8:16 pm
                                        They also found an alarming statistics that the % of men in prisons are way higher than their poting percentage. So as per this logic, authorities are clearly biased against men.
                                        Reply
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                                          Krishna Bhagawan
                                          Nov 4, 2016 at 10:27 pm
                                          people should be baned for using statistics in such a silly way.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;-- there are more men in jails than women does that mean there is discrimination against men ??
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                                            MyTake
                                            Nov 4, 2016 at 1:13 am
                                            This is where Muslims don't need quota. Its everywhere in all countries where there are Muslims!
                                            Reply
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