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Share of Muslims in jail bigger than in the population, show NCRB data

In Maharashtra, roughly every tenth person is Muslim, as opposed to almost every third inmate in its prisons.

Written by Deeptiman Tiwary | New Delhi | Updated: November 3, 2016 12:34 pm
ncrb, national crime record bureau, dalits prisoners, muslims prisoners, indian prisoners, religious discrimination, india news, indian express It is also important to compare these figures with those of Muslim convicts languishing in jails across states.

Muslims make up 15.8% of all convicts and 20.9% of all undertrials in jails across the country. This is higher than their share in the country’s population, which is 14.2%. But in some states, this gap is far wider. According to latest data on prisons by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), in 2015, in states such as Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, the percentage of Muslims in the incarcerated population was almost thrice the percentage of Muslims in the overall population.

Muslims, who are 11.5% of the population of Maharashtra, made up 30% of all undertrials in the state. The gap widened in 2015 from what it had been a year earlier — in 2014, Muslim undertrials made up 26% of all undertrials in Maharashtra.

In states such as West Bengal, Gujarat and Rajasthan, Muslims have almost double the share of undertrial populations in prisons than their share in the populations of the states.

As per the 2011 Census, Muslims are 27% of the population of West Bengal. The NCRB data for 2015 show they account for 47% — almost half of the total — of undertrials in the state’s prisons. But West Bengal also has the maximum number of foreign prisoners, primarily Bangladeshis, who get counted in demographic categorisation by faith.

It is also important to compare these figures with those of Muslim convicts languishing in jails across states. A bigger gap between the two figures would show that while more Muslims are being booked in such states, they are not being convicted for lack of evidence.

ncrb, national crime record bureau, dalits prisoners, muslims prisoners, indian prisoners, religious discrimination, india news, indian express

In Maharashtra again, this gap is the widest. Muslim convicts make up only 20% of the convict population in Maharashtra’s jails. In all states, the share of Muslims among convicts is higher than their share of population, but lower than their share among undertrials. Tamil Nadu, where Muslims make up 17% of convicts, and Rajasthan, with 18% of such convicts, buck the trend. These two states have 16% Muslim undertrials each.

The figures from Uttar Pradesh, where politics often gets divided along Hindu-Muslim lines, are stark. Muslims represent 19% of all convicts which is exactly proportional to their share in the population of the state. However, among undertrials, the share of Muslims in 27%.

In north India, Bihar fares well, the data show. With a significant population of Muslims — 17% — the state had 18% jail inmates from the community

In Kerala, a Hindu-majority state with a significant Muslim population, the incarceration of the minority community was almost proportional. Against a Muslim population of 27%, the state had 26% undertrials coming from the community.

In undivided Andhra Pradesh, 17% undertrials were Muslim. Fifteen per cent of convicts in the jails of united Andhra belonged to the community, as opposed to their much smaller share (10 per cent) in the population.

Data for Delhi and Madhya Pradesh also show wide gaps between the share of Muslims in their populations and the share of Muslims in their jails. With a 13% share in the population of Delhi, the community accounted for 22% of undertrials in jail and 19% of convicts. In MP, with a share of 7% in population, Muslims made up 13% of undertrials and 10% of convicts.

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  1. Armageddon Dude
    Sep 26, 2017 at 3:24 pm
    Minorities on what??????????? Need to update our Cons uency before country has to pay for one more mistake. Coz... PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN THE CURE.
    1. M
      meraj Shahab
      May 18, 2017 at 8:18 pm
      Sikhs and Christians are most likely to be detained and imprisoned. The NCRB released this data in the Prison Statistics India 2014 report, in September. As a percentage, there are more Sikhs in prison than followers of any other faith in India. 840 Sikhs per million are in prison followed by Christians (601), Muslims (477) and Hindus (305). Sikhs & Christians each are just 2 of India's population according to the 2011 Census. The proportion of Sikh convicts is three times their proportion in the general population For Christians, the figure is two times. A total of 282,879 people are undertrials in Indian jails. 70 of these undertrials are Hindu, 21 Muslim, 4 Christian and 4 Sikh. Of 131,157 convicts, 72 of convicts (95,348) are Hindus, 16 (21,550) are Muslim, 4 Christian and 6 Sikh, says the report. This shows that police and law is more stringent when the deviant is from a minority community, and they are indulgent towards Hindus.
      1. G
        Aug 31, 2017 at 7:31 pm
        Muslims in UK are five percent but their share in the prison population is fifteen percent.
      2. M
        meraj Shahab
        May 18, 2017 at 7:42 pm
        Rural muslims are 12 whereas in urban India Muslims are 18 . More crime and more conviction occurs from urban India and therefore conviction among Muslims is higher than their over all population of 14.2 but lower than their population in urban India 18 . There is definitely discrimination...gap between of under trials and of convicted Muslims proves this. And why conviction rate among Muslims in UP, Bihar, Kerala is exactly as their population ratio. Are they more civilized than other Muslims. Urbanization and discrimination are factors to be looked into.
        1. H
          Jan 23, 2017 at 7:38 pm
          1. A
            Abhinav Gour
            Nov 3, 2016 at 6:31 am
            So stuupid IE wants police to let off ppl based on religion
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