As fewer Indians went to Gulf, Pak, Bangladesh filled the gap

From 2014-16, number of emigrating Indian workers fell 35%. Govt blamed lack of demand — actually, nature of South Asian Gulf labour pool is changing.

Written by Manoj CG , Ravish Tiwari | New Delhi | Updated: July 25, 2017 1:06 am
emigration workers, indians in gulf countries, emigrant indian workers, indian express The statistics show that Indians comprised almost 48% of workers in the Gulf from the three countries in 2013, and a little under 27% in 2016. (Representational image)

The government has blamed “lack of demand” for an almost 35% decline in the number of Indian workers emigrating to Gulf countries from 2014 to 2016. But emigration statistics compiled by The Indian Express from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh point to a significant underlying trend: workers from the two neighbouring countries have stepped up to meet demand following the dip from India.

Official data from the three countries on workers’ emigration to the six nations that comprise the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) — Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman and Bahrain — show a near 8.5% growth during this period. These six Gulf economies absorbed 19,01,356 workers in 2016 from the three major South Asian nations as against 17,52,734 workers in 2014.

The statistics (left) show that Indians comprised almost 48% of workers in the Gulf from the three countries in 2013, and a little under 27% in 2016. The share of Pakistani workers, in contrast, jumped from about 37% to 43% during this period. Bangladeshis registered a massive spurt from a little under 15% in 2013 to over 30% in 2016.

The emigration statistics in the first half of 2017 show that Pakistan and Bangladesh accounted for a 78% share in the GCC labour market from the three countries, with Bangladesh logging nearly 50%. Indians comprised just 22%, the figures show.

indian emigration statistics, indian emigrants in gulf countries, indian express

Last Thursday, responding to a question from Samajwadi Party MP Javed Ali Khan, the Ministry of External Affairs informed Rajya Sabha: “There has been a decline in the number of Indian workers emigrating to the Gulf countries for employment dues to economic slowdown in GCC countries triggered by the weak oil prices, which has resulted in lack of demand for workers.”

Statistics compiled by the Ministry showed that the number of Indian workers emigrating to the the GCC countries shrank by almost 35% from 7,75,845 in 2014 to 5,07,296 in 2016.

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  1. A
    A. M.
    Jul 25, 2017 at 11:33 am
    Why would Indian govt worry about employment of Indians ? Their main job is to increase employment of gaurakshaks, vhp, sanghi goons and build their temple in ayodhya. Their resultant actions have led the Indiana being soo blinded by their hate of Muslims, that even bhakts working in Muslim countries and eating their bread spew venom against muslims.
    Reply
    1. S
      SANKAR
      Jul 25, 2017 at 3:29 pm
      well said...we even help venomous creatures to go to hell.do you want a try ch000000tiya mad00000rchd.........
      Reply
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      Asif Nawaz
      Jul 25, 2017 at 9:22 am
      If we accept that the economic slowdown triggered by the weak oil prices in the Gulf countries, which ultimately has resulted in lack of demand for workers, is the sole reason for the decline in the number of Indian workers emigrating to the gulf countries for employment as replied by VK Singh to Javed Ali Khan's question on declining scenario of our jobs in the Gulf, then it will be a clear eye-wash from the reality and in justice to the welfare of Indian overseas workers. As it is explicitly visible from the data shown in the table above, that in total there is not any ostensible decline in the number of workers deployed from these three countries (India, Pakistan Bangladesh) into the Gulf states. Where as the deployment from India has reduced and almost the same numbers have increased for Bangladesh Pakistan. Therefore, the above data clearly implies that the loss of opportunities for Indian workers has resulted in Gain for other labor sending countries.
      Reply
      1. A
        Asif Nawaz
        Jul 25, 2017 at 9:18 am
        In addition to that, Red-Tapism, bureaucratic hurdles non-implementation of our Prime Minister’s vision/ directions/ advice to adhere the policy of “Minimum Government And Maximum Governance” have also played a role in this decline. Instead of promoting overseas jobs which is one of the main source of foreign exchange, and a tool to eradicate the evil of unemployment, officials at helm of the overseas employment are ruining the overseas jobs in guise of protection of expats. The Pakistan, Bangladesh Nepal are taking the advantage of our bureaucratic curse, thus these countries have captured all the job opportunities meant for India. It seems that by waging war against the easy flow of overseas employments of Indians to Gulf, our bureaucrats have unintentionally helped Pakistan and Bangladesh. Instead of breaking the bone of Pakistan economically we have served the opportunity in platter to eradicate their unemployment replenish the the coffers of our enemy.
        Reply
        1. S
          SANKAR
          Jul 25, 2017 at 3:30 pm
          you can permanently go to porkistan.....ch0000000tiya.
          Reply
        2. A
          Asif Nawaz
          Jul 25, 2017 at 9:05 am
          I want to bring to the kind attention of Indian Government that the reason of sudden reduction in overseas employment is not due to fall in crude oil prices, recession, slowdown or Donald Trump road-map for Gulf countries as shown in many newspapers since yesterday when the reply to Rajya sabha MP Javed Ali Khan's Question appeared on MEA , but it is only and only due to complications in the newly introduced eMigrate system and regulations therein, the dissatisfaction and non-acceptance of foreign employers to comply with the same. This is the main reason that is continuously affecting India’s share of jobs in the Gulf since May 2015 when eMigrate was introduced and implemented. And subsequently Pakistan and Bangladesh emerged as the main beneficiaries of this situation, which can be clearly observed from the table.
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          1. L
            LS
            Jul 25, 2017 at 9:58 pm
            While you highlight your complains you forgot the following: 1) The eMigrate safe guards employee's rights in the foreign country and people would not be stuck in those countries without ry, confiscated passport, war and un-predictable and violent employers. 2) The eMigrage offers more security to those who want to go to other country rather than become a state liability Your life, well being and security is more important than that job you are getting there... Better acquire more skills and move to eastern or wastern countries.
            Reply
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            Asif Nawaz
            Jul 25, 2017 at 8:58 am
            In fact, this story does not only show the alarming situation of precious overseas jobs’ opportunity’s descending position day by day, but it is a warning to the Ministry of External Affairs under which the overseas employment/recruitment division is working. The dipping of overseas employment opportunities in The Gulf is not only depriving our Indian job seekers from the prospective jobs in these countries, but also a threat to earning of precious foreign exchange remittances to the nation.
            Reply
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