The mains paper of the Civil Services recruitment examination 2016 is going to be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on Sunday, December 3. The recruitment drive is conducted to shortlist eligible candidates for various Indian Administrative Services (IAS) posts with the government. General Studies is one of the subjects candidates are tested on. The questions given here can help students prepare for this exam.
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1. Armies cannot stop an idea whose time has come. It applies on the American Revolution. It is often said, “was a natural and even expected event in the history of a colonial people who had come of age”. Explain.
2. Mauryan dynasty encompassed most of the Indian subcontinent. It got enriched by the Indian diversity and also made a remarkable contribution to the art and architecture to the existing traditions. Discuss its main highlights.
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3. The subsidiary alliance system was the Trojan Horse Tactic of empire building. It disarmed the Indian states and built British protectorates over them. Comment on the role of Subsidiary Alliance on the expansion of British territories of India.
4. Comment on the role of Rekhta in the development of Urdu and other regional languages of India.
5. Both Buddhism and Jainism can be associated with rock cut site architecture. Elucidate the major rock cut sites and compare their features.
6. The transformation of Sanskrit into a language of literary and political expression and the development of vernacular speech into literary language were two great moments of transformation of culture and power in Pre Modern India. Explain.
7. “Terracotta art came to its own with the advent of city life and its aesthetic quality and skill was associated with urban milieu”. In reference to the above statement, comment on the significance of terracotta.
8. The Mathura school was contemporaneous with Kushan and Gandhara. However it was indigenous art, though it shows traces and influence of Gandhara art. Give your opinion on its evolution.
9. Women movements have contributed to upliftment of status and accomplishments of rights of women. Critically analyse.
10. There are countries that are antagonistic to the religion. But, there are models that there could be reconciliation between religion and secularism. With the context of India mark the difference between Secularism and Secularisation. How relevant are they in the present Indian context.
11. It is the social and cultural factors that have led to the failure of family planning in India. Explain in context of regional variance in fertility rate in the country.
12. What contributes to the location of cotton textile industry in India. Trace its current trend.
13. Government is envisaging Interlinking of rivers as a panacea to solve the twin problems of water scarcity & water surplus across India. Explain the model of interlinking of rivers for India & critically analyse the merits/demerit of the same.
14. Agroforestry is one of the many measures being adopted to make agriculture climate resilient. Enumerate the economic and environmental benefits of agroforestry. What steps can be taken to realize the latent potential of this sector?
16. Why India is one of the worst flood affected nation across the world? Critically assess the government measures taken to deal with floods.
17. Wetlands are Nature’s kidneys. Elucidate. How they are threatened by anthropogenic actions in India. Give steps taken to attend the same.
18. First world Tsunami awareness day, observed on 5th November 2016 was approved by UNGA. UNISDR has elaborate plans for the same. What do you understand by Tsunamigenic zones. Bring out these zones on Indian coastline. Examine the steps taken by government to minimize the impact of Tsunamis.
19. Differentiate between planetary winds and local winds in terms of their origin, influence and scale of operation. Also, illustrate the impact of local winds in influencing the climate of any area.
20. President of India recently observed that India will lose demographic dividend and it will form into demographic explosion if youth in not trained. In this context briefly describe the new policies being under taken to redefine the skill-development landscape in India. How do they overcome the shortcomings of previous measures to address the huge mismatch between employability and employment?
21. What are possible benefits of utilizing India’s vast network of Inland waterways for transport? Elucidate the challenges and the steps being taken in this regard?
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