UPSC Civil Services IAS mains exam 2016: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is all set to conduct the mains exam of Civil Services for recruitment of eligible candidates for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) posts across the country. The exam is scheduled for December 3 this year. The Civil Services exam is conducted in two stages: the prelims round and the mains round. The mains exam is open to only those candidates who have passed the prelims round. Given below is a sample test paper to help candidates prepare for the UPSC Civil Services IAS mains exam 2016.
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Answer all the questions in NOT MORE THAN 150 words each. Contents of the answer are more important than its length. All questions carry equal marks. 10×25 = 250
1. “Mohenjodaro and Harappan cities refurbished the idea that urban planning is not a new genre, it existed since ages”, comment. 10
2. “It is the geographic location of Delhi which has made it the seat of power for various empires that ruled India”, discuss. 10
3. “Religious tolerance has been the hallmark of Mughal dynasty which has helped it to grow and its counter phenomenon has been one of the causes of its fall”, elaborate with suitable examples. 10
4. Write a short note on the following:
(d) Manipuri Dance 2½ x 4 =10
5. Explain each one of the following in not more than 50 words:
(a) Lalit Kala Academy
(b) The Pala School of Painting
(c) Mughal School of painting
(d) The Deccan Schools of Painting 2½ x 4 =10
6. “Invasion of Britishers and ultimately controlling the land of Indian peninsula was a gradual process rather than a sudden outcome”, explain.
7. “Land revenue system under British was an ever evolving phenomenon due to various socio-economic parameters of India and the unending desire of British bureaucracy”, comment.
8. “Indian freedom struggle had contributed a lot in making India more secular in initial phase and more democratic in its later phase”, comment.
9. “Federalism has held India as a unified nation and it is an essence of Indian democracy”, critically analyze.
10. Indian Geography poses enormous challenges for the Indian administration due to its diversity in natural disasters. Explain it by giving examples of recent natural disasters and also highlight the mechanism which is required to handle them effectively.
11. Indian agriculture is struggling with twin challenge of decreasing agricultural land and decreasing per acre production/productivity. Explain with the help of examples and suggest remedial measures.
12. Explain with the help of neat diagram the phenomena of plate-tectonic and illustrate with the help of Indian example how it is responsible for recurring earthquakes and tsunamis?
13. “Desertification and increasing global temperature has resurrected the demand to go for greener sources of energy rather than getting it by burning the fossil fuels”, comment.
14. “Sanskrit has a long and old evolutionary history and many western languages owes their existence to it”, comment.
15. Why all European nations became colonial powers and majority Asian and African nations became their colonial subjects?
16. How the World War II acted as a major event of twentieth century which has caused a drastic decline of western supremacy of World?
17. Social movements are with immense potential to revive and revitalise the society, illustrate this statement with the help of examples.
18. Civil society activism has potential to make the transactions of government transparent but for this to happen they need a cogent environment. Explain how this can be attained?
19. “History is studied geographically and geography is studied historically”, explain this statement in the light of invasions of India from the west.
20. What is globalization? How it is impacting the socio-economic profile of India in 21st century?
21. Communism has greatly impacted the world events of 19th and 20th century, comment.
22. What are Self Help Groups (SHG) and how they are reshaping the women empowerment movement across India? Illustrate with the help of suitable examples.
23. Demographic dividend has a potential to uplift the growth rate of Indian economy but it also has a potential to dent the growth prospects if not utilized properly. Keeping this statement in mind explain the significance of demographic dividend for India in 21st century.
24. “Indian agriculture has to grow if Indian economy has to grow”, critically analyze this statement keeping in mind the shabby performance of Indian agriculture in last couple of years.
25. State re-organization and creation of new states is a domino effect. If it is not checked in time it has a potential to threaten the very fabric of Indian democracy. Explain this statement with the help of contemporary examples.
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