The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is going to conduct the Civil Services mains examination this year on December 3 for the selection of eligible candidates for various posts at the Indian Administrative Services (IAS). Thousands of candidates have registered or the exam. Given below is a sample paper which can help students sharpen their preparation.
Note: All questions are to be answered in 200 words. All questions carry 12.5 marks each.
1. Critically analyze the possibility of the National Infrastructure Investment Fund (NIIF) to be an investment vehicle for funding commercially viable greenfield, brownfield and stalled projects.
2. The aviation sector has been a victim of its own policies. Explain. The civil aviation policy has been announced to provide stimulus to connect the unconnected. Critically analyze the major proposals of this policy.
3. Disinvestment can be a major source of non-tax revenue, the proceeds of which can be used to finance capital expenditure in vital sectors such as infrastructure. However, in recent years the government has not been able to meet its target. Critically analyze the disinvestment policy and comment on the factors due to which the receipt targets could not be met.
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4. What are the major challenges that lie in realizing the objective of doubling farmer’s income by 2022? Discuss the steps being taken to address the middle mile challenge with respect to supply chain management in the agriculture sector.
5. With increasing levels of water scarcity and resultant declining agricultural productivity, efficient water management hedges the risk posed by seasonal externalities. Discuss the recent measures being taken to address the same.
6. First NIRF data was released in 2016. India sits on a demographic dividend, it does not possess universities of international standing. Why? What steps are being taken to restructure our universities so that they meet global benchmarks?
7. In its decade long history MGNREGA has attracted much public attention and sparked many controversial debates. Highlight the major achievements and shortcomings of the scheme. Also give suggestions for the way forward.
8. India has made a paradigm shift from a welfare based approach to a rights based approach. Should the Right to Health be included as a fundamental right in India? What role can be played by the private sector in expanding healthcare in India? Discuss in the context of the Draft National Health Policy 2015.
9. The Voluntary Sector comprises an essential non-governmental institutional setup that plays a crucial role in delivery of services and building of public opinion. However, they have been subject to regulatory hurdles at various stages. Suggest the steps required in the context of the National Policy on the Voluntary Sector.
10. The strong linkage between economic growth and health indicators has been well established. In this context analyze the benefits of investing in maternal and early-life health and nutrition programs.
11. What is lagrange point? How is it related to ISRO’s mission to the Sun? What does ISRO seek to accomplish through this mission? Are such missions even justified in a developing country like India where millions of children are dying of malnutrition?
12. DRDO’s test fired K4 missile when inducted will complete our nuclear triad. What is nuclear triad? How does it all dovetail with India’s nuclear doctrine?
13. Patent system adds fuel of fire to the interest of genius. Briefly discuss India’s IPR policy with special emphasis on its implications for pharmaceutical industry.
14. The climate change has put impetus on automobile sector to innovate. What are the alternative fuel sources available? Can they replace conventional fuel vehicles? What are the challenges?
15. Trace the genesis of Tsunamis in the open oceans? Why is it difficult to detect Tsunami waves in the open seas and why are they more destructive in the coastal areas?
16. What do you understand by E-Waste? Why its improper disposal is dangerous for the overall ecology in general & Human health in particular. Recently, a study revealed that India was the fifth largest producer of E-waste. Explain how along with diligent enforcement of E-waste rules, citizens’ support is critical to combat this most lethal forms of pollution.
17. Smart grid is said to be the solution to the problem of integrating renewable energy into the power grid. What is a smart grid? What are its benefits? Can smart grid be the solution?
18. Fake business transactions are a major modus operandi for money laundering to take place. Elucidate the action taken by India and the international community to tackle this menace.
19. The use of military power in aid of civilian power has a classic demonstration in Assam Rifles, one of the oldest paramilitary forces. What is the difference in the mandate of an armed force and a paramilitary force. Explain the legal provision for deployment of central paramilitary forces to deal with security threats.
20. India has acquired a new aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya in order to enhance its blue water capabilities. What do you understand by a blue water navy? How is it an effective counter threat to the naval assertion of china?
– Sample paper by Faculty, ETEN IAS KSG
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