Tracing the ‘lesser-known’ marks of freedom in city

On 68th Independence Day, NEWSLINE revisits four spots in the city associated with freedom fighters.

Vasudev Balwant Phadke Smarak, near Sangam Bridge. (Source: Express photo by Pavam Khengre) Vasudev Balwant Phadke Smarak, near Sangam Bridge. (Source: Express photo by Pavam Khengre)
Written by Garima Rakesh Mishra | Pune | Published on:August 15, 2014 2:25 am

While many Puneites are well-versed with the history of  famous city-based structures such as Yerawada Jail, Aga Khan Palace and Kesari Wada, not many are aware that the city also has some lesser-known structures that share an equally fascinating past. Newsline revisited four such historical structures:

Vasudev Balwant Phadke Smarak

Originally from a village called Shirdhon in Konkan, Vasudev Balwant Phadke came to Pune during his late teens for higher studies. According to Mohan Shete, president, Itihaas Premi Mandal, Phadke was ‘aadya krantikarak’ (the first revolutionary). “When he found out how  Britishers were ill-treating the Indians in their own country, he started a ‘revolution’ at his own level. Wherever there were British offices, he would light them. He and his associates would loot their arms,” said Shete, adding that Phadke also propagated the swadeshi movement. In the form of a cave, the smarak for him on Sangam Bridge was made by the Maharashtra State CID. Phadke and his comrades had been held and tried on the premises. “The Smarak houses an original manuscript of Guru Charitra Pothi, written by Phadke. Some of the letters written by him in Modi script, are also present at the Smarak,” said Shete.

Mahadev Mate at his saloon Kesh Kartanalaya near Peru Gate Police Station.(Source: Express photo by Pavam Khengre) Mahadev Mate at his saloon Kesh Kartanalaya near Peru Gate Police Station. (Source: Express photo by Pavam Khengre)

Kesh Kartanalaya

Whenever Vinayak Damodar Savarkar would visit Pune (then Poona), he used to stay at Kesari Wada. He went to a nearby saloon situated opposite Peru Gate Police Station. While the owner of the saloon knew who Savarkar was and his fight for the nation, the workers didn’t. “Savarkar would visit the saloon with a bag full of goodies for the barbers who worked there. One day, Mahadev Mate, the owner, asked Savarkar to write something for the saloon. He willingly wrote a note in Marathi, wherein he referred to the saloon as ‘Kesh Kartanalaya’,” says Shete. Although the name of the saloon has been changed to High Class Hair Dressers, the laminated certificate is still in possession of Mate, now in his 70s.

Theosophical Society Lodge

Inaugurated by Annie Besant in 1926, The Theosophical Society Lodge behind Fergusson College Road, was started for learners to study comparative religion, philosophy, science and nature, with no distinctions of caste, creed or sex. Among several people who studied theosophy, a subject introduced by Besant, was Narayan Sadashiv Marathe. He was associated with the Lodge for over 40 years. Shrikrishna Madhav Bhave, secretary, Bharat Itihas Sanshodhak Mandal, stated, “During World War-I, Marathe was in Germany. He was asked by the German Intelligence to carry a message from German King Kaiser to Bal Gangadhar Tilak. They …continued »

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