On a Song

Around 500 manuscripts of vintage bandishes on ‘khayal gayaki’ taught by Ustad Nissar Hussein Khan and Ustad Abdul Karim Khan have become part of the Pune Bharat Gayan Samaj

Written by Garima Mishra | Published:May 21, 2012 1:33 am

Around 500 manuscripts of vintage bandishes on ‘khayal gayaki’ taught by Ustad Nissar Hussein Khan and Ustad Abdul Karim Khan have become part of the Pune Bharat Gayan Samaj

Raga Hamir,Raga Bhairav Bahar and Raga Gorakh Kalyan of the Gwalior Khayal Gayaki; and Raga Darbari,Raga Multani and Miyan Chittorhi from the Kirana Khayal Gayaki are just a few of the 500 traditional bandishes learnt by late Pandit Vishwanathbuwa Jadhav from his famous gurus — Ustad Nissar Hussein Khan and Ustad Abdul Karim Khan — the doyens of Gwalior and Kirana ‘khayal gayaki’ respectively. During 1906 and 1937,Pandit Jadhav trained under the stalwarts of khayal gayaki and was regarded as their ‘gandabandh shishya’. The manuscripts of these historical raga bandishes were carefully noted and preserved by Pandit Jadhav throughout his life. After his death in 1964,the same have been preserved till date by his daughter-in-law,Shakuntalaraje R Jadhav,who is a classical ‘khayal’ exponent as well. Now,the legacy is being forwarded by the Pandit Vishwanathbuwa Jadhav Memorial Committee (PVJMC),Nasik,to city-based Pune Bharat Gayan Samaj (PBGS).

Today,the organisation PVJMC is run by Pandit Jadhav’s grandson Ajit R Jadhav. Recalling the candid conversations he used to have with his grandfather about his musical journey,Jadhav says,“He trained under ‘Gharanedaar’ teaching,meaning one student at a time. The student had to intently listen to his guru till he developed the tonality,and then came the vocal training. Even at the age of 80,my grandfather used to begin his day with riyaaz at 4 am.” He adds that both Ustad Nissar Hussein Khan and Ustad Abdul Karim Khan were extremely strict as gurus. “Since my grandfather stayed with them throughout his training period,he was treated like a family. He was also expected to perform all the household chores and other work,” says Jadhav.

Interestingly,being a close friend of Pandit Dinanath Mangeshkar,Proudh Gandharva gave lessons in Hindustani classical music to Lata Mangeshkar during her childhood in Sangli.

The 101-year-old,city-based music institute,PBGS has accepted the rare bandishes in its fold. The manuscripts will be part of the research library at the institute. Referring to Pandit Jadhav’s gurus,Suhas Datar,vice president of the institute,says,“Since the manuscripts are a part of the teachings of such great stalwarts,it will be valuable for the students learning here. We have over 100 students learning Hindustani classical music and instruments here. They will not only study these bandishes but will also do a research on them.”

According to Jadhav,the bandish-oriented system of teaching ‘khayal’ music is the correct method for developing performing artistes and PVJMC decided to hand over the time-tested compositions to Pune Bharat Gayan Samaj. “The compositions were originally composed by great masters Sadarang Niyamat Khan and his nephew Adarang from the eighteenth century musical era of the rulers Badshah Mohammed Shah Rangile,Emperor Akbar and their descendants in the lineage and the descendants of Miyan Tansen,” says he.

In 1905,when Ustad Nissar Hussein Khan began teaching ‘khayal gayaki’ to Proudh Gandharva,he was also imparting training to Master Rambhau Kundgolkar,known as Sawai Gandharva. On the insistence of his guru,Proudh Gandharva picked up vintage bandishes of the Kirana raga repertoire from his second guru Ustad Abdul Karim Khan from 1910 to 1970.

On the occasion of the 95th death anniversary of Ustad Nissar Hussein Khan,an audio-visual presentation titled ‘The Proudh Ganadharva Legacy’ has been organised at PBGS,to be held on May 26 and May 27. The presentation will feature ragas like Goharan Bani,Raga Basant,Raga Mishra Kafi,Raga Khamaj Thurmri,Raga Maru Bihag and more,presented by Ustad Rahimat Khan,Ustad Abdul Karim Khan,Proudh Gandharva and his sons.

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