Mumbai, Delhi and Bengaluru have been selected as case cities for a Norwegian research project to assess climate change and environmental impacts related to the urban transport sector in India.
The Research Council of Norway’s “CLIMATRANS – Coping with Climate: Assessing Transport Sector Strategies for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation for Indian Cities” project will develop mitigation and adaptation strategies for the transport sector.
“It is important to study both the present and projected transport sector’s contributions to local emission of pollutants and greenhouse gas emission in these cities, and the impacts of future climate change. Climate change might already have caused adverse effects on different settlements in India,” said Farideh Ramjerdi from Institute of Transportation Economics, Norway, who is the CLIMATRANS project manager. The project will be implemented during the next three years.
The research will look at change in climate as well societal conditions of everyday travel and their interactions over time. According to the project plan, researchers will analyse and evaluate the current situation of transport in these cities, outline trends of transport up to 2050, and identify barriers and institutional change in these cities.
“Reduction in sulphur content of diesel and petrol, implementation of Euro norms and CNG have led to reduction of emission levels, but the progress is far from satisfactory and needs a serious re-look in terms of evolving desirable policies and strategies to improve the environmental quality of the cities,” said Sanjay Gupta, CLIMATRANS project partner from School of Planning and Architecture (SPA), Delhi.
The Institute of Transport Economics and Meteorological Institute in Norway will collaborate with Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT B), The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI, New Delhi), School of Planning and Architecture (SPA, Delhi), and Indian Institute of Science (IISc, Bangalore) for this research.