A study was conducted to understand the travel purpose, pattern and socio-demographic profile of people going for yellow fever vaccination (YFV) in Mumbai. Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected Aedes mosquitoes. India is free from yellow fever and the government has provided facilities for vaccination against yellow fever for those travelling to yellow fever-endemic countries.
A total of 150 people attending the YFV centre of Airport Health Organisation (APHO), Mumbai, were enrolled for the study, which was published in the International Journal of Health Sciences and Research. More than 80 per cent of the participants were travelling to Africa, 6.7 per cent were travelling to South America, 3.3 per cent were seafarers and 9.3 per cent were going to other destinations. The majority, 58 or 38.7 per cent, were travelling for tourism purpose, 54 (36 per cent) for work, 20 (13.3 per cent) for business, 7 (4.7 per cent) for attending family functions, 6 (4 per cent) for higher studies and 5 (3.3 per cent) as seafarers.
The average age of the travellers was 39 years, the lowest being 19 to 72 years. Out of the 150 study participants, 108 (72 per cent) were from Mumbai, 100 (66.7 per cent) were educated up to graduation, while more than 50 per cent were skilled workers. The median monthly income was Rs 30,000 only.
The paper states that international travellers are at more risk of acquiring and transmitting infectious diseases. Major airports and ports handling international departures and arrivals should be strengthened enough to practise travel medicine through travel health clinics, it adds.