Dengue cases have shown a significant rise and 321 suspected cases were detected at government hospitals and dispensaries last week— a record high this year— surpassing even malaria and gastroenteritis, known to be widespread during this season.
During the corresponding week in July, dengue cases stood at 109, a third of the number recorded in the second week of August.
With an environment conducive for mosquitoes to breed, the rise in dengue cases is prominent in seven wards in Mumbai. The wards-Ghatkopar East (N Ward), Bhandup West (S Ward), Elphinstone Road, (G South Ward), Kurla (L Ward), Mulund (T Ward) and Borivali West (R Central)-are now being inspected door-to-door to check mosquito breeding, by officers of the insecticide and health departments.
Over 11 lakh households were inspected across Mumbai in July, and 2,155 breeding sites of Aedes Aegypti mosquito, carrier of dengue infection, were found.
According to the insecticide department, under Section 381, 381A and 381 B of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888, there is a provision to take legal action on premises where breeding is detected.
In July, 1,975 notices have been issued to the housing society and corporate offices and a fine of Rs 3.04 lakh already collected.
In Kurla, where Sundarbagh, Khairani Road and Mohili village emerged as hotspots for dengue cases this year, Kohinoor hospital has at least two admissions every day.
“Most patients are able to recover within seven days. Only if platelet count went below 10,000, did we need a transfusion, which is rare.
But since the disease this time does not seem fatal, we are advising patients home rest and lots of fluid,” said general physician Shahid Barmare.
Most dengue cases have been diagnosed through rapid test, of which Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) confirmed 26 cases through the more accurate ELISA test.
In the same week, 290 malaria cases, 209 gastroenteritis, 28 hepatitis, and 2,076 fever cases have been recorded. Cases of leptospirosis are also high, with 83 suspected cases diagnosed from August 8 to August 14 of which BMC could confirm 16 through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test.
According to infectious disease expert Dr Om Srivastava, there has been a spurt in viral cases, which have symptoms similar to dengue.
“A lot of patients we see have body pain, backache, fever and low platelet count. I am attending to at least a dozen such cases every week,” Srivastava said.
According to BMC’s epidemiology cell, people have been advised to avoid wading through water and to complete medicine dose prescribed by doctors.
“In case of fever, patients should immediately consult a doctor,” said Dr Minni Khetarpal, deputy executive health officer at BMC.