While a team of doctors at John Hopkins University,US,has claimed to have successfully treated an HIV+ infant,city experts said mother-to-child transmission of the disease continued to be a cause for concern.
Mumbai hospitals have recorded a nine per cent mother-to-child HIV transmission rate over the past couple of years,much above the ideal 2 per cent.
The number of institutional deliveries in Mumbai is high,but so is the HIV transmission rate. This indicates delay in detection and treatment, said a gynaecologist at JJ Hospital.
National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) and UNICEF are looking to stop mother-to-child HIV transmission in the country by 2015.
The only way to stop mother-to-child transmission or reduce its rate is early detection and treatment. Over the past few years,there has been aggressive screening of to-be mothers and if found positive,they are treated immediately, said Amok Wankhede from Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society,the state branch of NACO.
While a multi-drug regimen has been found to be effective towards cutting HIV transmission,there have been concerns about developing resistance. There has to be more research in this field. This will require joint efforts by public and private medical sectors, said Mamta Manglani,HOD (pediatrics) at Sion Hospital.