Commuting long distances to work and back home normally tops the list of complaints of professionals in Mumbai. But going by latest census data, majority of professionals in the city travel less than 10 km to reach their place of work.
The report, released last week on the distance “other workers” travel, suggests most professionals in Mumbai travel only 2-5 km, on an average, to reach offices.
“Other workers”, the report says, include government servants, municipal employees, teachers, factory workers, plantation workers, those in trade, commerce, business, transport, banking, mining, construction, political or social work, priests and entertainment artistes.
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The report says there are 35.79 lakh such workers in suburban Mumbai. Of this, the largest chunk — 18.92 per cent (6.77 lakh) — travel between
2 km and 5 km to work.
The second biggest chunk — 6.19 lakh workers (17.29 per cent) — travel between 6 km and 10 km, followed by 4.5 lakh workers (12.73 per cent) who travel 11-20 km to work. Besides, 5.93 lakh workers (16.55 per cent) travel less than a kilometre to reach their places of work.
In Mumbai city district limits, there are 12.27 lakh professionals — 2.15 lakh (17.58 per cent) travel less than a kilometre, 2.2 lakh (18.7 per cent) travel 2-5 km and 2.29 lakh travel 6-10 km. Those who travel 11-20 km number 1.27 lakh (10.37 per cent).
The largest group of workers who commute more than 30 km are from Thane. In Mumbai, only 28,176 professionals, who make up 2.89 per cent of the total worker population, travel between 31 km and 50 km. The figure for suburban Mumbai is 4.5 per cent or 1.6 lakh workers. But, in Thane 10.38 per cent — 3.7 lakh workers — commute over 30 km for work.
In Mumbai city limits, walking seems to be the most preferred mode of commuting. Nearly 3.15 lakh workers, or 25.74 per cent of the working population, walk to work with most walking less than a kilometre. The second-most popular way to commute is by train with 23.90 per cent using it.
Only 4.68 per cent of these workers used cars with the largest chunk covering a distance of only 2-5 km, the report says.
In suburban Mumbai, trains remain the most favoured mode of travel with 8.96 lakh (25 per cent) of the workforce using them. Walking is the next preferred mode of commuting with 8.84 lakh (24.7 per cent) walking to their workplaces. Cars are used by 1.7 lakh (4.8 per cent) workers.
In suburban Mumbai, the largest group of car users drive between 2 km and 5 km.
In Thane, 10.44 lakh workers, or 28.99 per cent, use trains, followed by 8.8 lakh commuters (24.5 per cent) who walk.
There are 87,693 car users (2.43 per cent) in the region. Here too, the largest chunk drive only 2-5 km.
The Greater Mumbai Region has a population of nearly2.3 crore.
Over the years, the rail networks in the area have turned into development corridors, creating new employment centres in the north and east of the city, cutting commuting time.