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A decade later,drinking water access,sanitation still lacking in city: Census

Houselisting and Housing Only 78.4 per cent houses have provision for drinking water on premises,3.3 per cent still defecate in the open

Written by Express News Service | New Delhi | Published: May 8, 2012 1:41 am

Houselisting and Housing Only 78.4 per cent houses have provision for drinking water on premises,3.3 per cent still defecate in the open

Drinking water and sanitation,the two basic civic needs,are still lacking from many parts of the city,the Houselisting and Housing Census 2011 has found.

The findings of the census were released on Monday.

The census found that while 99.1 per cent of city households have electricity supply,just 78.4 per cent have provision for drinking water on premises. Only 59.3 per cent of the households are connected with a piped sewerage network,whereas 4.2 per cent of the households have no drainage connectivity for waste water.

The report also states that 89.5 per cent of the 33.40 lakh households in Delhi have water closets (latrine) on their premises,while 3.3 per cent defecate in the open.

In Northeast and East districts,4.9 and 6.6 per cent of the households have no access to latrines on their premises,and people in only 0.6 per cent of the 3.95 lakh households defecate in open in Northeast district,while 4.2 per cent use public toilets.

Households with access to drinking water within the premises is only marginally up from 74.9 per cent in 2001 to 78.4 per cent in 2011. Tap water is available to 81.3 per cent households as against 75.3 per cent in 2001. Of these,only 75.2 per cent households get treated tap water,while 6.1 per cent get untreated tap water.

South Delhi recorded the lowest percentage of households with access to tap water — 71 per cent. The figure is only marginally up from 70.9 per cent of 2001. 10.9 per cent of South Delhi households get untreated tap water.

Central Delhi recorded a good figure of 91.7 per cent households with drinking water installations within their premises. The Northeast district recorded the worst figure — only 70.8 per cent households have such installations within the premises.

Use of phones up to 90% from 34% in 2001

The city has shown a remarkable improvement in the overall living conditions as per the socio-economic parameters surveyed for Houselisting and Housing Census 2011,but the number of households have also increased by 36.3 per cent from 2001.

The maximum growth in the number of houses was recorded in Northwest Delhi at 48.6 per cent.

According to the data released by Director of Census Operations-Delhi Varsha Joshi,Delhi’s urban provisional population is 163.34 lakh and rural population is 4.19 lakh. There are 44.81 lakh urban census houses and 32.61 lakh urban households; 1.24 lakh rural census houses and 0.79 lakh rural households.

The Census of India defines a ‘census house’ as a separate recognisable unit with an independent entrance. A ‘census household’ is a group of persons living together and eating from a common kitchen (could be related or unrelated).

Eighty-eight per cent of the population in Delhi owns a TV,up from 74.5 in 2001. A total of 29.1 per cent of households have computers. Of this,17.6 per cent have access to Internet connection.

The use of telephone (landline or mobile) has gone up from 34.2 per cent in 2001 to to 90.8 per cent in 2011.

The LPG and CNG connections in households account for 89.9 per cent,up from 34.2 per cent for 2001. 3.4 per cent of the households still use firewood for cooking,while cow dung is used in 0.6 per cent of the houses.

The banking services amounts to 77.7 per cent for 2011,up from 51 per cent of 2001. For the Schedule Caste households,the percentage is up from 30.6 per cent for 2001 to 68.2 per cent for this decade.

The percentage of population possessing assets has also increased. Only 2.9 percent of people in the city have no assets,which was 14.1 per cent for 2001. Among the Schedule Caste (SC) only 4.7 per cent were recorded with no assets,against 21.1 per cent last decade.

There has been a slight increase in the ownership of vehicles — only 37.1 per cent population does not own a vehicle,against 43.1 per cent for 2001. In all 30.6 per cent have a bicycle,38.9 have a two-wheeler,while 20.7 per cent own a car.

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