The Haematology department of the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) has received a Gene Xpert Machine worth Rs 50 lakh,among the latest equipment for blood cancer patients. The has been donated by the Cancer Sahayta Charitable Society with the help of The Max Foundation USA at a discount price.
PGIMER director Prof Yogesh Chawla inaugurated the Gene Xpert Machine at the department on Tuesday. According to officials,this is for the first time that the machine will be used to conduct a BCR ABL test on Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia patients in India.
This machine,officials said,will help doctors determine the amount of minimal cancer genes left in a patients body after treatment and hence will allow them to decide on whether to change or modify the treatment. This machine will specifically help patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia and Philadelphia positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia is among the commonest forms of leukaemia afflicting adults in India. Of all adult blood cancer patients reporting to PGI,30 per cent suffer from this type of cancer. Fortunately,there is a drug that is available to cure this type of cancer. Many a time,however,doctors do not know whether the drug is effective or not. Previously,repeated bone marrow examinations (a painful procedure) were carried out to find about the presence of disease in the body. Xpert BCR ABL monitor machine will inform about the presence of minute quantity of disease in the body. It is a most accurate test to tell about the presence of smallest amount of disease in body. The test is conducted on a blood sample and as a relief for patients,repeated bone marrow examinations can be avoided in a few patients. Further,based on the results,medicines can be stopped in a few patients (permanent cure from cancer).