THERE ARE a total of 3,517 disabled persons in Chandigarh in the age group of 5 to 19 years as per the statistics released by the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India (RGI). The total number of persons in the age group of 5-19 years in Chandigarh, as per 2011 census, is 2,89,076.
The report puts the total number of disabled cases in the age group of 5-19 years in the country at 65.7 lakh. In Chandigarh, out of the total 3,517 disabled persons, 2,083 are men and 1,434 women.
A report released by the census department earlier had stated that the total number of disabled people, according to the 2011 census, in Chandigarh was 14,796 out of 10.55 lakh population.
The RGI report has given a detailed account of different types of disabilities in the city in the 5-19 age group. The city has a total of 422 cases of disability in seeing, 305 in speech, 511 in hearing and 587 in movement.
The report also provides the number of people in 5-19 age group with “mental retardation and mental illness”. As per the report, of the total 3,517 persons, those with mental retardation are 452. “As many as 179 cases are suffering from mental illness. Out of them, 108 are boys and 71 girls,” the report said.
The RGI has two categories of “any other” type and multiple disability. In the city, the census team had recorded 613 children in any other disability category, and 449 in multiple disability.
About the disabled cases in which people have been attending educational institutions, the statistics reveal that 2,223 cases are registered in schools according to the 2011 census. There are 279 others who attended educational institutions earlier while 1,015 never attended educational institutions.
As for rural Chandigarh, the statistics show that there are a total of 84 cases of disabled population in the same age group.
Dr B S Chavan, head, Department of Psychiatry, GMCH-32, asserts that the number of disabled persons in the 5-19 age group doesn’t show that the city has a high number of cases. “Next time, the number of cases should decrease in terms of new cases,” he said.
On why men outnumber women in the 5-19 age group of disabled people, Dr Chavan said, “One of the reasons why men have more chances of having disability is because of their genetic make-up.”