Professor Suman Mor from Department of Environment Studies, Panjab University, talks to The Indian Express.
What is the reason for increasing pollution in the city?
The main reason for the sudden increase is the stubble burning and burning of waste residue on farms. Other agents of pollution are vehicles, automobiles and the residue of the construction sites. Moreover, the festive season has just ended and there has been a lot of pollution due to fireworks as well. This year it was worse because weather conditions didn’t allow dispersion of pollutants.
What is the solution to the problem?
I think as an immediate step, we have to see how vehicular density in the city can be controlled. For stubble burning, the government has to find some ways so that farmers who are burning stubble have other alternatives as well. The government cannot sit freely by imposing fines on stubble burning, causing more chaos and trouble to the common man and farmers. At our own level, the department will soon be teaching the farmers the solutions and substitutes of stubble burning.
What can be done by local administration?
The administration has a big role to play. They can take steps after a proper assessment with the help of experts. There have to be viable solutions to the problem so that they can be implemented practically.