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Diabetes is a danger to Indian populace. A lot of people die every year owing to the disease. Sometimes it is hereditary. The people with a family history are prone to moderate or high risk. But in a lot of cases, it is observed that the lifestyle of a person plays a huge role. The lifestyle here pertains to the concerned person’s eating habits and the amount of physical exercise. Before a person is diagnosed with the disease, there are certain warning signs. These are common symptoms, like increased urination, frequent thirst etc. This also includes a rise in the blood sugar level. The pre-diagnosis of diabetes, when the blood glucose level is higher than normal but still not high enough, is called pre-diabetes. Prediabetes is an indication that if a person doesn’t make some lifestyle changes, he/she could develop type 2 diabetes.
When it comes to diabetes; weight, smoking, and alcohol intake may each independently influence a person’s risk. In a 2011 study*, “researchers found that even when people had a family history of diabetes or were overweight, they were less likely to get the chronic disease if they were healthy in other ways.” The same study also reported that “the people who smoked, drank heavily, and got little exercise still had a lower diabetes risk if they ate a healthy diet than if they ate lots of saturated fats and few fiber-rich whole grains.”
So, in order to make sure that a person keeps his/her blood sugar in check, he/she has to keep his/her diet in check. Cutting back on fried food and having boiled food should help and so would checking the amount of butter or saturated fats used in cooking. Sugary drinks should be avoided as they are empty calories that harm the body in the long run. Skipping breakfast, stress eating, having too many carbs (found in pasta, potatoes, and white bread), and midnight snacking can also be a reason for increased blood sugar levels.
Having regular exercise can diminish the risk to a great extent. If one maintains an ideal BMI (Body mass index) and keeps a close eye on his/her vital signs like blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, the risk can be reduced. Getting regular sleep, at least 30 minutes a day of exercise like walking, dancing, swimming, etc are recommended. It is also important to be as stress-free as possible. Meditation and yoga can help in this regard.
Buying a health insurance early on in life is also advisable. At the very least, insurance helps with emergency funds if a person is diagnosed with diabetes! Insurers such as Aditya Birla Health Insurance are going beyond just providing a health insurance cover. Their Activ Health plan comes with a built-in program for helping people with chronic conditions live a healthy life and the Day 1 cover feature of the product ensures that your cost of medicines and tests for diabetes are covered too.
Managing chronic diseases can be easy if people are given comprehensive care and proper assistance. Fighting diabetes is easy. It is all in the lifestyle!