The World Economic Forum (WEF) on Sunday released its Global Manufacturing Index putting India on the 30th position, five places below China, which is continuously striving to develop better avenues of manufacturing by boosting infrastructure.
Meanwhile, Japan topped the rankings on the back of developing the best structure of production in the Geneva-based WEF’s first ‘Readiness for the future of production report’ and is followed by South Korea, Germany, Switzerland, China, Czech Republic, the US, Sweden, Austria and Ireland in the top 10.
Talking about India, which had a total manufacturing value of over $420 billion in 2016, the report said that the country’s manufacturing sector has grown by over 7 per cent per year on average in the past three decades and accounts for 16-20 per cent of India’s GDP.
The WEF said, “Home to the second-largest population in the world and one of the fastest growing economies, the demand for Indian manufactured products is rising. India has room for improvement across the drivers of production, except for demand environment where is ranks in the top 5.”
The forums also took note of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative to open India into a manufacturing hub, and moving towards a more connected economy with an announcement of a $59 billion investment in infrastructure in 2017.
The report has categorised 100 countries in four major groups for its ranking which include, Leading (strong
current base, high level of readiness for future); High Potential (limited current base, high potential for future);
Legacy (strong current base, at risk for future); or Nascent (limited current base, low level of readiness for future).
India has been placed in the Legacy group alongside Hungary, Mexico, Philippines, Russia, Thailand and Turkey, among others. Meanwhile, China is on the list of Leading countries. The report pointed out that the 25 countries placed in the Leading category were in the best position to gain as production systems stand on the brink of exponential change.
In terms of the scale of production, India has been ranked ninth, while for complexity it is at 48th place. For market size, India is on third spot, while areas where the country is ranked poorly (90th or even lower) include female participation in labour force, trade tariffs, regulatory efficiency and sustainable resources.