Cards, ATMs, POS will be redundant by 2020 in India: Niti Aayog

He said, "They will all become redundant in India, and India will make this jump because every Indian will be doing his transaction just by using his thumb in thirty seconds...."

By: PTI | Published:January 7, 2017 9:23 pm


Niti Aayog, demonetisation, Niti Aayog cashless transactions, Cashless economy, Niti Aayog demonetisation Niti Aayog.

Amid the big push being given to digital transactions post-demonetisation, Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant today said cards, ATMs and POS machines would become redundant in the country by 2020. “….India is in the midst of huge huge disruption in the world of both financial technology and in terms of social innovation (there is) huge huge innovation and this disruption will enable India to leapfrog…,” he said.

“…and by 2020 my view is that in the next two-and-a-half years, India will make all its debit cards, credit cards, all ATM machines all POS machines totally irrelevant,” Kant told a session at Pravasi Bharatiya Divas 2017, a three-day mega event of Indian diaspora. He said, “They will all become redundant in India, and India will make this jump because every Indian will be doing his transaction just by using his thumb in thirty seconds….”

Speaking at a session on ‘Startups and innovations which have social impact in India’ at the Youth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas here, he said, “What we are pushing now is digital payment in a very big way and it is a huge disruption with several innovative methods. “India has created a back end in terms of biometric which will enable India…,” he said, highlighting recently launched BHIM app and Aadhar enabled payment system initiatives.

Pointing out that India is the only country with a billion mobile and billion biometric, Kant also noted that India is largely a cash driven economy. He said whatever the biggest attempts of demonetisation and push for digital payment, only 2 to 2.5 per cent of Indians pay taxes, so India needs to move from a non-formal to a formal economy. “It is impossible for India to become a 10 trillion economy like this….two trillion dollar is a formal economy and another one trillion dollar is an informal black economy. It is not possible for India to grow. So you need convert the non-formal economy to a formal economy, thats what the effort is,” he added.

Noting that ability of people living in rural areas to utilise technology to leapfrog is much quicker and faster than literate people living in urban areas, Kant said in social innovation and financial technology it was the young Indians who were disrupting the world. He said they will enable India’s leapfrog and take it to a 10 trillion dollar economy. “…so the young people of India must have the hunger, ambition and passion to drive India to innovation, to startups and disrupt India in a manner that it has never seen before,” he added.

Noting that India is growing at about 7.6 per cent per annum, Kant said it is an oasis of growth in the midst of a “very very barren economic landscape” across the world and the challenge for the country was to grow at even higher rates of 9 or 10 per cent for a period of three decades or more. Speaking about India’s largest young population, he said
it was a huge opportunity for the country.

“This is the biggest social and economic phenomenon that is taking place across the world, as the population across Europe and America is getting older, the population in India is getting younger…” he added. Listing out various reforms agenda and ease of doing business initiatives taken up by the government and country’s FDI growth, Kant stressed on the huge emphasis for the startup movement which helps in job creation and addresses challenges faced by country by finding solutions.

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  1. K
    Jan 7, 2017 at 4:41 pm
    Even the advanced countries have biometrics of their citizens, but they use it only for authenticating ideny at national security counters such as airport arrival, police records or for issuing pports, social security and national ID cards . These biometrics are treated as strictly confidential, and personal property of the concerned person. By Law relating to privacy, the use of such biometrics is strictly prohibited for commercial transactions.
    1. M
      Jan 7, 2017 at 6:44 pm
      Slowly replace all 100 Rupee notes and anything above. Flood marked with other lower denomination notes. This will make producing a fake note costlier and force market to go cashless at the same time.
      1. O
        Jan 7, 2017 at 5:56 pm
        Digital ideas not a panacea
        1. T
          Jan 7, 2017 at 4:04 pm
          How about future of Niti Ayog?
          1. A
            adarsha badrinath
            Jan 8, 2017 at 2:03 am
            It is good that government is trying out unique solutions for India's problems. However, there should be adequate security to prevent fraud. Dual authentication is a must since even finger prints are after all files, and can be copied. Is it not possible to have finger print scanners that can ess body temperature too and record date and time in each file encoded, so as to ensure that it is a real-time genuine human finger impression and not just a file. Secondly. since we have a large potion of illiterates, system should be easy to understand with symbols to indicate withdrawals from the persons account or rupay card. Illiterates can use technology; After all they do go out and vote on electronic machines and know how to use mobile phones.
            1. A
              Ajay G
              Jan 7, 2017 at 5:51 pm
              Decisions taken without weighing pros and cons have done enough damage. Entire country is engaged in countering after effects of such poorly implemented decisions.
              1. A
                Ashish Biswas
                Jan 7, 2017 at 5:45 pm
                Good. A resurgence nation.
                1. J
                  Jan 8, 2017 at 6:32 am
                  I took my 91 year old mother unable to walk to the bank to get her Jeewan Praman (alive certificate for pension) done. The bank had insisted that I bring her to the bank for biometric verification against Adhar card. The only device that they had was a finger print scanner. Needless to say the finger prints did not match and the trip was a needless endeavor. I would like to just tell these folks who make these wild suggestions that India is going to take leap forward and rejig how money is managed, I am all with them, except they dont take into account the ground realities. Maybe the folks in the government and the new Niti Ayog the policy making group go out into the country that they are proposing to do these major changes in three years. Why have they been sitting on their behinds for the past 2 years. Finger prints after a certain age are unreliable, they just do not exist on older people. Maybe they do not belong to this new society which is being engineered by this government. Only folks who have valid finger prints will be allowed to live here, the rest go find another place.
                  1. C
                    Jan 7, 2017 at 5:05 pm
                    They bosses who sit in AC offices have never seen the conditions of the thumbs of rural folks who work with their hands...
                    1. S
                      SK Choudhury
                      Jan 7, 2017 at 7:34 pm
                      Idea is definitely disruptively great. No need to carry one's card or remember the PIN. One is own key to acess own money in a depository. However, how will the security be ensured in case of misuse of one's FP by force or manition ? Thus, it may still require some more feature to protect people from misuse.
                      1. S
                        SK Choudhury
                        Jan 7, 2017 at 7:45 pm
                        Idea is good but implementation will be a great challenge and will have to be carefully rolled;br/gt;It is umed that the present tranction modes will continue till they are really dispensable.
                        1. S
                          SK Choudhury
                          Jan 7, 2017 at 7:51 pm
                          Wonder how a hospital functions without basic needs like electicity and water.
                          1. P
                            Jan 8, 2017 at 8:58 am
                            Thanks to CEO of Niti Aayog for kindly sharing his thoughts. It is totally true that in a huge country like ours where nearly 60% of potion live in rural India besides most of them are uneducated and many of them have no bank accounts, to bring the total financial transparency and accountability, biometric essment of individual like in AAdhaar card is an essential requirement for our financial systems.
                            1. X
                              Jan 7, 2017 at 10:37 pm
                              nice to hear such comments ,,, a really long way to go and lot of home work to b done before implementation ,,, please dont forget your neighbouring poor people who happened to bear the burden of demonitisation .Let the Govt learn from mistakes first ,rather than jumping into fictional statements like this.
                              1. R
                                Rajshekhar B
                                Jan 7, 2017 at 5:35 pm
                                ६० साल में हमने अक्षर सीखा. अब ६० महीने में मोदी हमे वापस अंगूठा छाप बना रहे है!!!!
                                1. f
                                  Jan 7, 2017 at 5:31 pm
                                  They are chamchas... need chair and do buttering
                                  1. C
                                    Jan 7, 2017 at 4:09 pm
                                    League of extraordinary fekus.
                                    1. g
                                      Jan 7, 2017 at 6:03 pm
                                      In 1980s when computers came to india, all communists were crying like this.
                                      1. H
                                        Jan 8, 2017 at 11:56 am
                                        Kant has promulgated "DigiReligion beyond the Boundaries of bare Reason"... He says India is growing at an *annual* high growth rate when the w world is not growing at all... but he did not say that India started growing only after May 2014. Or only after 8 Nov 2016. He also is almost saying that the only problem with Indian economy (after Modi-speech of 70 years of Congress Rule, whatever that means) is that it is not yet cashless and digital enough. Probably he is given mandate by Modi to reverse everything Nehru and Congress did, that is, also to reverse economic growth!
                                        1. H
                                          Jan 7, 2017 at 9:54 pm
                                          ask your local MLA and up to some extent your MP too; which ever party they might be from; law and order and local infrastructure are state govt's basic subjects@ implementation level; center provides some% funding;It is not PM/center's responsibility. you have bumpy roads; so, do transaction@ fro your home using BHIM and other apps; no need to visit bank every day.
                                          1. H
                                            Jan 7, 2017 at 6:05 pm
                                            Fools indirectly saying that banks should not invest in pos,atms and cards and simulteniously going gaga about cashless . This way niti ayog and its patrons feku brigade will be redundant by 2019
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