At employment exchanges, rise in applications but less than 1% get jobs

While Gujarat comes on top in terms of providing placement through exchanges, it isn’t the top state when it comes to the number of job-seekers. That’s Tamil Nadu with more than 80 lakh registrations with employment exchanges in first nine months of 2015, as against Gujarat which had only 6.88 lakh registrations.

Written by Sunny Verma , Sandeep Singh | New Delhi | Updated: July 26, 2017 8:41 am
 Employment, Employment exchanges, National Career Service, Job Opportunities, India jobs, India job data, Economy news, Indian Express While Gujarat comes on top in terms of providing placement through exchanges, it isn’t the top state when it comes to the number of job-seekers. (Representational Image)

With the exception of Gujarat, where employment exchanges have consistently clocked an over 30 per cent success rate at providing placement to job seekers, the national average of placement across exchanges stood at 0.57 per cent — or just 3 persons employed per 500 who applied in 2015. No state other than Goa has been able to cross the 1 per cent mark (number of placements managed against the total number of those who applied) even as the number of job seekers witnessed a sharp rise in the first nine months of 2015, an increasing trend that’s consistently visible through the last four years.

All exchanges are linked to the National Career Service (NCS) portal which has identified over 3,000 occupations under 53 sectors in both government and private sector. A total of 14.85 lakh employers have been registered with the NCS portal. The portal also facilitates organisation of job fairs where both employers and job-seekers can interact. Most of the placements through the exchanges are in the private sector, according to the Labour Ministry’s annual report.

The data compiled by the Ministry of Labour and Employment is available from 2012 and updated till September 2015.

While Gujarat comes on top in terms of providing placement through exchanges, it isn’t the top state when it comes to the number of job-seekers. That’s Tamil Nadu with more than 80 lakh registrations with employment exchanges in first nine months of 2015, as against Gujarat which had only 6.88 lakh registrations.

Tamil Nadu was followed by West Bengal, UP, Kerala and Maharashtra, when states are stacked in terms the number of applicants. These five states accounted for 60 per cent (2.71 crore) registrations with the employment exchanges in 2015. However, these five states only accounted for 27,600 placements, which is only 0.1 per cent of the total registrations.

Data shows that the number of job-seekers across the country has been on a rise. While registrations with exchanges across the country stood at 4.47 crore in 2012 and 4.82 crore in 2014, the number of registrations at employment exchanges in the first nine months of 2015 stood at 4.48 crore. If the nine months’ figures for 2015 are annualised, the numbers would rise to 5.98 crore for the full year.

Data also shows the grim situation of job creation in the country as placements are not keeping pace with rise in number of job seekers and there has been a decline in the placements in percentage terms. If the placement percentage (out of the total job seekers across the country) stood at 0.95 per cent in 2012, it fell to 0.74 per cent and 0.7 per cent in 2013 and 2014 respectively. For the first nine months of 2015 the placement percentage dropped to 0.57 per cent.

The employment exchanges in Gujarat continued to be exceptional performers and they accounted for 83.3 per cent or 2.11 lakh placements out of the total 2.53 lakh placements from exchanges across the country in the first nine months of 2015. In absolute terms, Maharashtra comes second with 13,400 placements in 2015.

NCS which was earlier known as National Employment Service, has been put on a mission mode project to provide services like registration of job-seekers and employers, job matching, career counseling and vocational guidance. The NCS project was enhanced in 2016-17 to include a component for providing part funds for improving the infrastructure in employment exchanges and for organising job fairs.

As per latest data, a total of 997 employment exchanges have been functioning across states and Union Territories in the country. Uttar Pradesh topped the list of states with 99 employment exchanges, followed by Kerala (89 employment exchanges), West Bengal (77), Haryana (59), Assam (52), Madhya Pradesh (49), Gujarat (48) Punjab (47), Chhattisgarh (47) and Maharashtra (47). Smaller state Goa and UTs Andaman & Nicobar, Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Lakshadweep and Puducherry has one employment exchange each. Sikkim is the only state not having any employment exchange.

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  1. A
    AHR
    Jul 26, 2017 at 1:20 pm
    Supreme court has cancelled employment of about 170000 teachers in UP who were teaching since long time adding to the unemployment list. Let aside creating crores of jobs as promised people loosing their job in lacs..!
    Reply
    1. B
      Brinal
      Jul 26, 2017 at 1:07 pm
      All those who applied job for GowRakshaks have got iy.
      Reply
      1. E
        Eknath Meshram
        Jul 26, 2017 at 12:56 pm
        IF ONLY 1 JOB SEEKERS GET JOBS, IT MEANS 99 ARE/WILL BE ROAMING ON ROADS AND WILL START LOOTING AND INDULGING IN CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES IN ABSENCE OF INCOMES FOR LIVELIHOOD. THIS IS VERY ALARMING SITUATION. BUT FROM WHERE THE GOVERNMENT WILL GIVE JOBS TO ONE AND ALL? PROMISING FOR ELECTION PURPOSE WITHOUT WORKING OUT FEASIBILITY IS MERE GIMMICK AND THE YOUNG VOTERS WILL HAVE TO REALISE THIS. ALL DROPOUTS, NON MATRCS, UNDER GRADUATES, GRADUATES, DOCTORS, ENGINEERS, PROFESSIONALS WHETHER THIRD CLASS, SECOND CLASS, FIRSTCLAASS, SUITABLE OR UNSUITABLE, ALL WANT GOVERNMENT JOBS. FROM WHERE THE GOVERNMENT WILL PROVIDE JOBS TO ONE AND ALL? THE UNEMPLOYED YOUNG PEOPLE WILL HAVE TO CREATE JOBS FOR THEMSELVES DEPENDING UPON THEIR CAPACITIES AND SUITABILITY. IT IS BEYOND THE CAPACITY OF ANY GOVERNMENT TO PROVIDE JOBS TO ONE AND ALL UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE MOST OF THE QUALIFIED PERSONS WILL HAVE TO ACCEPT LABOUR ORIENTED JOBS/WORK AND MUST NOT EXPECT WHITE COLOUR JOBS.
        Reply
        1. R
          Ramesh Raghuvanshi
          Jul 26, 2017 at 11:33 am
          Employment exchange worked as 6o years back I was unemployed applied for service as graduate in 1059 waited six month but no response I started my own business in 1060 From my experiences youngsters learn lesson not depend on Govt they never help
          Reply
          1. S
            Sheik Mohamed
            Jul 26, 2017 at 11:15 am
            Promise has been made by NAMO to create two crore jobs per year to Indian Youths. Now more than three years has been passed since then, who knows Saffronized party government led by NMAO is making secret efforts in this regard and more than six crores jobs shall be offered to youths at one go.
            Reply
            1. K
              Kamal Pasha
              Jul 26, 2017 at 11:05 pm
              Sheikh Mohamed. : Never ever believe what government say or promise. They are all liers and inflating their bank balances in Dubai Banks by selling jobs.
              Reply
            2. R
              Rahul
              Jul 26, 2017 at 10:01 am
              Demonetization has killed most of the jobs while RBI is still counting how much money came back to banks. The remaining jobs were killed by GST and if war with china takes place then no job will be left in the country.
              Reply
              1. M
                module
                Jul 26, 2017 at 8:30 am
                Some static in this context is missing. In Gujarat, there is less employment exchanges, as I have seen, there is more private placement services than govt and education per cent is also less, if compared to W B, Kerala and Maharastra. That time almost 90 employment exchange in India, was not computerized, neither aadhaar card was linked. So much corruptions in every EE for getting a call. Since all employees of the EE is the Govt employee, they behave also like that...only. There is no proper monitoring system or transparent policy. Otherwise, how online private placement services likes Nauki providing so much jobs and opportunities? It may be good for Govt jobs with SC, ST, OBC or other reserved quota.
                Reply
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