Software major Tata Consultancy Services and utility vehicle maker Mahindra Group top the list of corporates involved in construction of toilets in schools under the government’s Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan initiative, accounting for close to 80 per cent of the total toilets completed by India Inc since the programme was launched in August 2014. As on March 1, 2016, the Mahindra Group had constructed 1,171 toilets while Tata Consultancy Services had completed 1,509 toilets out of the total 3,466 toilets constructed by private corporates under the Ministry of Human Resources Development initiative.
Infosys Foundation came in a distant third, having constructed 252 toilets, according to the NSSO’s latest Swachhta Status Report 2016. Industry bodies Confederation of Indian Industry and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry have constructed 138 and 38 toilets, respectively, under the initiative. Toyota Kirloskar has constructed 69 toilets, while Coca Cola has constructed 14 toilets so far.
Luxury carmaker Mercedes Benz figures at the bottom of the list of private corporates, having constructed one toilet. The record of construction of toilets by public sector undertakings is much better, with 1.42 lakh toilets being constructed by 64 PSUs till March 1, according to the data. Coal India leads the list, with the construction of 51,115 toilets, accounting for around 36 per cent of the total number of toilets constructed by PSUs. NTPC Ltd follows in second position, with the construction of 24,626 toilets, while Rural Electrification Corporation is third with construction of 12,379 toilets.
In his Independence Day speech in August 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced the construction of toilets in all schools with separate ones for girls. The Prime Minister had said, “… I want to make a beginning today itself … all schools in the country should have toilets with separate toilets for girls… This target should be finished within one year… and on the next August 15, we should be in a firm position to announce that there is no school in India without separate toilets for boys and girls.” The Swachh Vidyalaya initiative was launched in August 2014 under which around 2.54 lakh toilets were to be constructed with government funds, PSUs had committed to build 1.64 lakh toilets, the private corporate 5,134 toilets and money from the Swachh Bharat Kosh (SBK) were to fund 15,852 toilets.
Corporate funding for school toilets comes from two streams: SBK, to which both corporates and individuals make donations, and direct bookings by corporate entities. The objective of the SBK is to improve cleanliness levels in both rural and urban areas, with toilet construction being the initial thrust area. When the school toilet plan was finalised, the government had planned to utilise money from the Swachh Bharat Kosh to finance 15,852 toilets in the first year of its launch that ended August 14, 2015.