Natural gas price paid to producers like state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) and Reliance Industries is likely to fall 20 per cent to $2.45 in October. This will be the fourth reduction in last 18 months following the formula approved by the government in October 2014. Price of natural gas produced from existing fields of ONGC and RIL is likely to fall to $2.45 per million British thermal unit with effect from October 1 as opposed to $3.06 currently, a senior official said.
This rate is on gross calorific value (GCV) basis. The gas price was last cut on April 1 from $3.82 per mmBtu to $3.06 per mmBtu. On a net-calorific value (NCV) basis, the gas price was on that day cut to $3.4 per mmBtu as compared to $4.24 previously. On NCV basis, the new gas price is likely to be $2.7 from October 1.
As per the new gas pricing formula approved by the NDA-government in October 2014, gas prices are to be revised every six months and the next change is due on October 1. The reduction in natural gas prices would mean lower raw material cost for compressed natural gas (CNG) and natural gas piped to households (PNG) and would translate into reduction in retail prices.
This will be the fourth consecutive reduction since the implementation of the domestic gas pricing formula that calculates the rate on a volume weighted average of rates in gas surplus nations of the US, Canada and Russia, based on the 12-month trailing average price with a lag of three months. The price of gas has declined by around 39 per cent since the implementation of the gas pricing formula in October 2014.
On October 1, 2015 price of natural gas was lowered to $3.82 per mmBtu from $4.66. The price cut on October 1, 2016 will put further pressure on finances of upstream producers who do not find the current rate incentivising enough to invest more in oil and gas hunt. The official said the cap price based on alternative fuels for undeveloped gas finds in difficult areas like deep sea will also fall to around $5.2-5.3 per mmBtu from $6.61 currently.
The government had earlier this year approved marketing and pricing freedom for all undeveloped discoveries lying in difficult areas subject to a cap. The cap for April 1 to September 30 was $6.61 per mmBtu on GCV basis and $7.3 on NCV basis, the official said.