The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the setting up of two credit guarantee funds to facilitate loans to micro and small entrepreneurs through MUDRA (Micro Units Development Refinance Agency) and the Stand Up India scheme. The corpus of credit guarantee fund for MUDRA will be Rs 3,000 crore and for Stand Up India Rs 5,000 crore. Finance minister Arun Jaitley said these schemes will improve funding to micro and small entrepreneurs and help boost economic activity.
Under MUDRA, the agency refinances loans up to Rs 10 lakh to micro and small units, and has so far disbursed loans worth Rs 72,000 crore to 1.73 crore beneficiaries. MUDRA was launched in April last year.
The Stand Up India scheme seeks to provide refinance window through Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) with an initial amount of Rs 10,000 crore.
The Stand Up India scheme is distinct as its objective is to help entrepreneurs from scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and women entrepreneurs.
Each branch of all banks, including private banks, will fund at least two entrepreneurs in the SC/ST category and one in women category, Jaitley said. The government aims to refinance loans of 2.5 lakh borrowers in 36 months under Stand Up India. The credit guarantee fee under both the funds will be paid by the banks and not passed on to the borrowers, banking secretary Anjuly Chib Duggal said.
She said the National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company Ltd (NCGTC) would be the trustee for both the credit guarantee funds of MUDRA as well as Stand Up India.
The Stand Up India scheme will handhold borrowers both at the pre-loan stage and during operations. “This would include increasing their familiarity with factoring services, registration with online platforms and e-market places as well as sessions on best practices and problem solving,” the government said in a statement. Under the scheme, the margin money would be up to 25 per cent, while remaining would be funded by the bank.
The credit guarantee fund for MUDRA is expected to guarantee more than Rs 1 lakh crore worth of loans to micro and small units in the first instance, the government said. It will help in reducing risk taken by banks and financial institutions in case of default under the scheme. The government will provide guarantee on portfolio basis to maximum extent of 50 per cent of the amount in default in portfolio.
The Cabinet also approved conversion of MUDRA Ltd, currently a non banking finance company, into a bank called MUDRA-SIDBI Bank, a wholly owned subsidiary of SIDBI.