In the Paris Agreement, 195 member states of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change agreed to limit the rise in global average temperature to significantly below two degrees Celsius.
Espinosa said the Paris Agreement had now been ratified by 175 nations. The climate deal set a goal of keeping the rise in average global temperatures to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times, and ideally to 1.5 degrees.
Small island nations, who face the prospect of getting submerged by the rising sea-levels, have been demanding a provision for compensation for damages that countries like them suffer due to climate change.
In its NDC, India had promised to reduce its emissions intensity — greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP — by 33 to 35 per cent below 2005 levels by the year 2030
China pledged to bring its carbon emissions to a peak by 2030 or earlier as part of a joint pledge made with the United States ahead of the 2015 Paris talks.
The US accepted the Paris Agreement on September 3, 2016 and the agreement entered into force for the US on November 4, 2016. This means that the US must stay in the pact until at least 2019.
“More than 900 US businesses support keeping the US in the Paris Agreement, including 20 Fortune 500 companies. American businesses need the US government at the negotiating table to represent their interests,” the 10 Senators wrote in a letter to Donald Trump.
UN conference on oceans recognises the critical importance of the world’s seas to the future of the planet: Covering three-quarter of the Earth
The Information Technology Industry Council was equally scathing. “This is clearly disappointing, and a setback for America’s leadership in the world,” ITI President Dean Garfield said in a statement.
The US decision puts the Paris Agreement in danger of becoming another Kyoto Protocol
The internal G7 divisions and a suicide bombing in Britain on Monday, that killed 22, overshadowed the Italian agenda of focusing on Europe migration crisis and Africa’s problems.
Paris Agreement’s entry into force earlier this month, in less than a year after it was negotiated, was probably the quickest for any major multilateral arrangement of its size and impact.
The decision comes days after Central Government announced on Sunday that it will ratify the Paris Agreement on birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
Days after snubbing China by holding out at G20, India agrees to meet year-end deadline on climate agreement ratification
Climate change is one of the main issues to be discussed between PM Modi and President Obama during his visit to the US.