Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi, daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, is the only women who served as the Prime Minister of India. Born in the political family, she was the second longest serving Prime Minister of the country after her father. She was appointed the President of Congress party in 1959 and also served as her father's personal assistant from 1947 till 1964. After Nehru's death in 1964, she served as a Cabinet minister under Lal Bahadur Shastri's leadership but later became Prime Minister of the country in 1966 after Shastri's sudden death. From 1966 to 1977, she was able to retain the position but lost after an emergency was imposed by her in 1975 leading to a national discontent and countrywide protests. She returned to power in 1980 and during this time she ordered storming of Sikh Holy Shrine Harmandir Sahib in Amritsar and was assasinated on October 31, 1984 by her two Sikh bodyguards. Violence erupted in several parts of the country after her death in which Sikhs were killed by angry protesters. She was known for her strong personality and also went to war with Pakistan supporting the Independence Movement in East Pakistan leading to formation of Bangladesh. In 1999, Indira Gandhi was named 'Woman of the Millennium' by a BBC poll.
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‘CIA discussed political scenarios in event of Indira Gandhi’s death’

A sanitised copy of the report ‘India in the Mid-1980s: Goals and Challenges’ was released by the CIA under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), which is similar to India’s Right to Information Act.

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August 8, 1977, Forty Years Ago; Keeping out Indira

Union Health Minister Raj Narain ruled out the possibility of Indira Gandhi returning to power for another 30 years.

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Remove ‘defamatory’ references to Indira, Rajiv from textbook: Congress-NCP

Congress MLC Sanjay Dutt demanded that the references, to the Emergency and the Bofors scandal, be removed from the history and political science textbook. Congress members said the government-approved textbooks should contain an account of history, not a political commentary.

Forty Years Ago, June 28, 1977: Karnataka Crisis

K.H. Patil’s dismissal was caused by the chief minister’s resentment of the high command’s decision to appoint him the PCC chief despite Devraj Urs’s appeal to get the post filled through election.

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Forty Years Ago, July 27, 1977: Morarji’s Apology

Prime Minister Morarji Desai apologised in the Lok Sabha that the Leader of the Opposition, Y.B. Chavan, had not been given a seat in the front row at the swearing-in ceremony of the new president, Sanjiva Reddy. Desai made this gesture when a Congress member, Vayalar Ravi, raised the issue.

Pranab Mukherjee, BJP, Amit Shah, Vasundhara Raje, Smriti Irani, , Harmanpreet Kaur, Kiren Bedi, Nitish Kumar, Indian Express

Pranab Mukherjee, the survivor

Pranabda is very good at keeping secrets. In fact, Indiraji used to say, “Whenever Pranabda is given any confidential information, it never comes out of his belly. What comes out is only the smoke from his pipe.”

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Forty Years Ago, July 26, 1977: President Sworn In

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was sworn in as the sixth President of the Republic. In his acceptance speech, he said that he would provide “the harmonising touch that is required for healing the old wounds, promoting better understanding and removing the lingering fears and suspicions”.

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40 years of Emergency: Here is what happened over the two years that changed India’s history

Steeped in the need for economic development, the Emergency allowed Gandhi to carry out mass arrests of ministers and have complete control over what the media published. It also resulted in her son carrying out forced sterilisation drives in Delhi and slum clearance programs.

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Memories of another June

Dictatorial rule can only be imposed when a majoritarian government is in power; a majoritarian government was then in power with a strong energetic and popular prime minister as head of government prior to the days of the Emergency of June 1975. Alas, constitutional dignitaries and even some judges of the highest court failed us.

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Second Nature

Indira Gandhi’s love for the outdoors set the tone of India’s environmental policies

Textbooks, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, ‘defamatory’ references

View From The Right: Emergency revisited

However, it is “necessary to remind the real horrors of Emergency” to those who “may not be able to connect with the draconian period”.

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Congress to hold 24,000 ‘Indira family meets’ in memory of former prime minister

Indira memorial lectures would be organised and documentaries on the life and contributions of the former prime minister would be screened during the events.

Indira Gandhi was able to convert her love for nature into policy decisions: Former Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh

Jairam Ramesh insists his book ‘Indira Gandhi: A Life in Nature’, a new “unconventional” biography is not an attempt at “reinterpreting” or “revising” her personality but to bring out a relatively unknown side of her

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What is Operation Blue Star?

The operation resulted in the death of Bhindranwale and a high casualty figure among the army, civilians and militants. The assault on Golden Temple was heavily criticised by Sikhs worldwide and had led to several Sikhs resigning from administrative positions.

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Indira Gandhi is posing with top Bollywood stars. How many can you identify in this viral photo?

Bollywood biggies including Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, Manoj Kumar, Dharmendra, Vinod Khanna, Saira Banu, Sharmila Tagore and Lata Mangeshkar are posing with former PM Indira Gandhi in this throwback picture.